America jumped into the war to back South Korea because it backed American in... ... middle of paper ... ...ost important, then supporting those in need, and lastly defeating the bad guys. Policy makers strived to protect social, political, and economic pursuits of the American government and people. By masking their missions with such intents the US military gained the support of Americans and other First Worlders. Containment was a First World issue rather than a direct offense toward the Second World. The Third World was, and is, hugely important to America’s economy.
The orthodox view regarding the cause of the Cold War, formed the standard interpretation between the 1940s and early-1960s. The breakdown of the wartime alliance and the expansion of Soviet power in Europe, the ‘loss’ of China to communism, the Korean War, and domestically the rise of McCarthyism with its anti-communist hysteria eventually mixed into this school of thought. Orthodox historians argued that the USSR’s expansionist policy in Eastern Europe and beyond, driven by the ideological goal of exporting world revolution, started the Cold War. According to Michael Hart, “the Cold War was caused by the military expansionism of Stalin and his successors. The American response… was basically a defensive reaction.
The USSR believed in a state controlled economy which discouraged free enterprise, antithesis of America's economic system; the encouragement of free enterprise and the privatization of industry. Thus, the divergent economic structures of the superpowers painted different perspectives, which inevitably sowed the seeds for further conflict between the USA and USSR. The conferences between the USA and USSR up until 1945 showed the various disagreements between the USA and USSR. These conferences were held in Tehran in December 1945, Yalta in February 1945 and Potsdam in July 1945. The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the future status of Europe.
Truman’s main objective was to create a foreign policy that would control the spread of communism through out the world including third world countries. While facing the Korean War and trying to stop and contain communism Truman thought that it ... ... middle of paper ... ...cracy headed by an accountable president.” (Rosatii) Congress passed the War Powers act of 1973, which set limits on the use of U.S. troops in hostile areas without declaration of war of congressional authorization. It also set up committees in Congress to over see the actions of the CIA. This substantially changed the United States foreign policy toward third world counties. We still to this day engage in covert activity and support the local paramilitary groups favorable to United States polices, it seems less likely that the United States would engage its own troops without authorization from Congress.
The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism and take control of the world; the United States wanted to prevent that. The fight for world power could have been prevented if both countries would not have assumed and reacted. In an argument, most people roar and scream, but the notion that should have been remembered during the early Cold War years is somebody’s bark is worse than their bite. The United States and the USSR should have taken a breath and remembered that actions are not as bad as their threats. Thus, early misperception can definitely be seen as a major contribution to the causes of the Cold War.
The USSR however, accused the United States of practicing Imperialism and with attempting to stop revolutionary activity. Even when denying the accusation of spreading communism throughout the world, the USSR was supporting insurgent revolutions in Asia, Africa and Latin America. After the devastation of World War 2, many western European countries became susceptible against communism. To help prevent this, the United States proposed a program called the Marshall Plan to help rebuild the distraught economies. During 1945 and early 1946, the USSR made efforts to cut off contact with th... ... middle of paper ... ...00 American casualties.
Compounding this mistake was the acquisition of the Philippines, which served to encourage Americans to exploit economic opportunities in China resulting in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Policy. In contrast, William Appleman Williams, states that the need for economic expansion led to the Spanish-American War. Imperialist impulses sought the acquisiti... ... middle of paper ... ...he basic concepts that should be the foundations of foreign policy. America's position in the world evolved from being a world power that was unconcerned about international security in 1900 to 1950 when America was still a world power, but Americans had to contend with the fear of annihilation by the Soviet Union. Williams states that the ultimate "tragedy of American diplomacy" was the failure of the Open Door Policy.
The Marshall plan was enacted in 1948 and it was similar to the Truman Doctrine except it provided financial aid to these countries. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the United States used its foreign policy to help countries resist communist influence. The Korean War , although successful in preventing the spread of communism, was one of the first tests of communism in Asia. North Korea was strictly communist while South Korea was democratic. As usual, the United States supported democratic South Korea and the Truman Doctrine was applied to the Korean situation.
The Development of the Cold War in Europe after 1945 After World War Two, there was an increasing interest in the idea of a United Europe. Soviet Russia and Western European Capitalist states had no common interests despite the wartime alliance, which was no longer valid. There was growing hostility between the United States and Soviet Russia that developed in to a Cold War. This essay will suggest that the development of the Cold War in Europe was a result of differences in political ideologies and a lack of compromise and agreement. It will discuss the ideals of Western Europe and that of Soviet Russia; the United States in support of liberty and freedom, and Communist Russia, who had shown a dislike towards Capitalism.
With the Allies achieving victory in Europe and Japan, Korea, which had been occupied by Japan since 1910, would be placed under the temporary control of Russia and the United States. Korea was divided into two separate states at the thirty-eighth parallel with Russia holding the North and America holding the South (Uschan 36). As the relationship between Russia and America turned for the worse, leading to the Cold war, both attempted to gain as many allies as possible to support them (Bachrach 11). The American government felt it was their duty to stop the Soviet Union and issued the Truman Doctrine, which was a policy to fight Communism around the world (Uschan 27). Therefore the U.S involvement in the Korean War was justified as a way to prove that the U.S would not allow the Soviet Union to spread Communism without a fight.