Anti-Americanism in China

analytical Essay
1992 words
1992 words

Anti-Americanism is defined in terms of “psychological tendency to hold negative views of the United States and of American society in general”(Katzenstein and Keohane, p.12). History expanded the love-hate relationship between China and the United States from political, economical, social perspectives. Distinguishing predisposition and opinion is vital as well as understanding the multidimensional views from a heterogeneous group of people. Anti-Americanism is perceived in different ways among public opinion polls, norms and emotions in China.

Historically, according to Anti-Americanism in China(Shambaugh, p.142-4), the United States was not an entity to most of the Chinese people until the commercial trade initially arrived in Canton, also known as Guangzhou, trading with the British and the Americans. On behalf of the Chinese perspective, there were many similarities between the British and Americans. Briefly they were both caucasians, spoke English and had similar appearance. Thereafter, the Chinese learned more aspects about the American from wars, they admired the American intelligence and the resourceful technology. Until the mid-nineteenth century, those superficial admiration to the American was reducing. Here are the reasons. The Qing dynasty was essential to global trade in Chinese history. Zeng Guofan, the Chinese intelligent, was assigned to send over one hundred Chinese students off to California for educational purpose. Anti-Chinese racism increased rapidly during that time period in California. Certainly, the Chinese were not content. Here came the turning point of the entire American image, from image of intelligence to image of decadence. Based upon the unpleasant image of the American society, the Chinese s...

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...hina. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Vol. 497, Anti-Americanism: Origins and Context (May, 1988) , pp. 142-156. Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. in association with the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Shuja, Sharif M. "The United States and China." Contemporary Review 280.1633 (2002): 86+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 26 Apr. 2014.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how public opinion polls measure an attitude of anti-americanism in china embedded in cognitive emotions. the majority of americans viewed osama bin laden as a malevolent man.
  • Explains that china has opened the door to foreigners and welcomed visitors to see the rapid change in the country.
  • Explains that china on bin laden. washington times, 5 may 2011: a08. opposing viewpoints in context.
  • Analyzes how chinese schools taught history as a series of guo chi, or national humiliations caused by foreign powers.
  • Analyzes the washington times' "inside china" and opposing viewpoints in context.
  • Explains katzenstein, peter j., and robert o. keohane. anti-americanisms in world politics.
  • Explains shambaugh's book, anti-americanism: origins and context, in association with the american academy of political and social science.
  • Analyzes shuja, sharif m., "the united states and china." contemporary review 280.1633 (2002): 86+.
  • Defines anti-americanism as a psychological tendency to hold negative views of the united states and american society in general.
  • Analyzes how mcdonalds molded the image of the american food in china.
  • Concludes that the chinese are not xenophobic and irrational, but should be proud of their country after taking goodness from china.
  • Explains that china now owns a record $1.317t of u.s. government debt.
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