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& Memedovic, Olga. Globalization of the Automotive Industry: Main Features and Trends. International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 2009. 2, (1) http://www .cggc.duke.edu/pdfs/IJTLID_Globalizationofautoindustry_Sturgeon_2009.pdf Ulrike, Schade. 2009.
The level of car ownership and usage nowadays is unsustainable leading to polluted and unhealthy cities. Each of the mentioned concerns can be considered important to shift toward a more sustainable urban development. Spatial planning main purpose is to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the local, regional and national level. Although major countries, like UK, are directing transport policy initiatives toward usage of sustainable mobility, it is difficult to implement in practice in a society used to travel by car (Hutton, 2013). The existing city form and urban fabric have contributed to increased car usage.
GIS is gaining popularity in road transportation where it provides effective and valuable expertise and equipment for managing vehicles during traffic. The technology provides a means for managing road transport by way of spatial reference systems, especially where roads form a convoluted transportation network (Razzak, Khan & Jalal 2011, p. 641). Traffic density is one of the areas in road transport where GIS technology is applied; the know-how allows highway authorities and other concerned establishments to monitor traffic at critical points along the road network through the use of camera... ... middle of paper ... ...Jalal, S 2011, ‘Application of geographical information system (GIS) for mapping road traffic injuries using existing source of data in Karachi, Pakistan: a pilot study’, Journal of Pak Medical Association, vol. 61, no. 7, pp.
Untitled Introduction According to Ronald Skeldon, author of “Demographic and Urban Transitions in a Global System and Policy Responses” Urban Transition is the transitions to societies where a large majority of the population is concentrated in urban areas. Urban transition is one of the phenomenons which has an impression of being both good and bad. Urban transition has a potential to positively impact a nation by increasing the economy growth and reducing the poverty. In addition, it has a potential to give safer and healthier future to children and adults. These are just some of the issues that can be fixed by urban transition IF and only IF its being carried out properly.
In section 4, we look at how developer behaviour changes with time and the impacts on urban brownfield residential development. We then finally summarise the overall impacts of regulations, land ownership and developer behaviour in section 5 as conclusion. 2 Regulations Government regulations can be the quickest way to increase urban brownfield residential development because regulations shapes the market and constrain developers t... ... middle of paper ... ...wnfield development. Environment and Planning A, 36, 601-621. Adams, D., & Payne, S. (2011).
2. Situat... ... middle of paper ... ...l Engines. The Economic Times, Retrieved 12 March, 2014, from http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-10-08/news/42829304_1_diesel-cars-diesel-prices-1-3-litre Who We Are. (2014). Hyundai Motor India, Retrieved March 14, 2014 from http://www.hyundai.com/in/en/AboutUs/HyundaiMotorIndia/WhoWeAre/index.html Liker, J.K. & Hoseus, M. (2008).