Anthrax

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Anthrax

Bacillus Anthraces, commonly known as Anthrax, is a bacterial infectious disease involving the skin, lungs, and gastrointestinal track in its host. Anthrax affects humans and animals, usually resulting in death. This bacteria is passed to humans through contact with infected animals or the products produced by infected animals. Anthrax originates in the soil as spores, which can live up to 48 years, and is transmitted to animals who graze or live on farmlands and on any infected areas. In recent years, more attention has been given to Anthrax when it was discovered that it could be passed by biological warfare. Bioterrorist threats, such as Anthrax has heightened our nations awareness that we are vulnerable and need a new public health infrastructure.

Public Health Resources

The most common public health resource to prevent anthrax is through vaccines. These vaccines are especially valuable for people who are at high risk for being infected, such as veterinarians. If the individual is already infected, Anthrax can be cured through antibiotics, if caught early. The later stages of Anthrax most often results in death.

Bioterrorism threats have caused great concern in the United States due to their nature. Unlike terrorism with bombs, where we are instantly made aware of the threat, bioterrorism is not noticed until people start piling up in the emergency rooms of hospitals. Bioterrorism is a silent killer. Anthrax has become a preferred weapon with terrorist because it is difficult to detect. With the lingering threats of the Anthrax attacks of 2001, our public health system has moved from being a local and state responsibility, to a federally mandated homeland security responsibility. Our public health...

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...nding biohazards, such as Anthrax, as a preferable method to cause damage within our nation. Local, State, and Governmental agencies have realized the need for an improved public health system after the threats of 9/11 and 2001 Anthrax scare. A new public health infrastructure could greatly decrease our vulnerability to bioterrorist threats.

References

CIAG. (2001). Public responsibility and mass destruction: The bioterrorism threat. Retrieved on March 19, 2012, from http://wearcam.org/decon/mass_quarantine_bioterr.html

FEMA. (2012). Communication and information management. Retrieved on March 19, 2012, from http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/FAQ.shtm

Tucker, J. (2008). Proliferation of biodefense laboratories and the need for national biosecurity. Retrieved on March 19, 2012, from http://www.hsaj.org/?special:fullarticle=9999.1.5

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