People across the world, even those without televisions, have heard or seen anorexia. Anorexia is a common eating disorder in which someone does not eat because they have a loss of appetite and want to lose weight. Anorexia can lead to thinning of the body, but the rapid loss of weight includes a multitude of health problems. Models are seen on the television, on magazines, on posters, and on billboards. Do these models know that they may be affecting the minds of younger girls?
The body shows significant sign of weight loss including brittle hair and nails due to the lack of vitamins and nutrition. Women with anorexia suffer from lack of a menstrual cycle. Bulimia nervosa is associated with binge eating and to prevent weight gain the individual would then engage in purging and fasting to keep the weight off. It is hard to tell when a person is suffering from bulimia nervosa because they appear to be healthy weight, but because of the excessive vomiting the individual will have damaged teeth and mouth ulcers, also like anorexia nervous a fear of becoming fat. Binge eating disorder has been known to become a severe disorder along with anorexia and bulimia.
For example, eight million people in the United States suffer from eating disorders ("The Secret Language of Eating Disorders," 1). Furthermore, 3% of all young women suffer from anorexia and 3-4% suffer from bulimia ("The Secret Language of Eating Disorders," 1). This proves that many women and teenage girls are affected because many are afraid of becoming fat and "unacceptable" to society’s view on women in general. In addition, 1% of boys and young men suffer from eating disorders, and their cases are becoming more common ("The Secret Language of Eating Disorders," 1). Also, it is a disorder that crosses racial and economical lines, those who succumb to compulsive starving or binge eating are males (Lang, 1).
Dying to be Thin Anorexia and bulimia are the most common eating disorders today. They are both psychological disorders with an obsession of food and weight. There are many misconceptions in today’s society about anorexia and bulimia. Mainly that they are the same disorder, nevertheless they are not, they are very different. Anorexia and bulimia are serious, life threatening eating disorders that affect millions of people every year, however their differences in symptoms, effects, and treatment might surprise you.
Bulimia nervosa is a disorder with psychological, and physiological effects. It is an eating disorder, common especially among young women of normal weight, that is characterized by episodic binge eating. Bingeing is defined as the rapid consumption of a large amount of food, often a bulimic person will eat more in two hours than a normal person would consume in an entire day. Binges are often followed by feelings of guilt, shame, loss of control, anxiety and depression. These negative feelings, especially anxiety and shame lead to bulimic behaviors, such as purging.
In a society that discriminates against people, particularly women, who do not look slender, many people find they cannot - or think they cannot - meet society's standards through normal, healthy eating habits and often fall victim to eating disorders. Bulimia Nervosa, an example of an eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating and purging, has become very common in our society. Although it generally affects women, men too are now coming to clinics with this kind of disease. This is not a new disorder. It can be brought on by a complex interplay of factors, which may include emotional, and personality disorders, family pressures, a possible genetic or biologic susceptibility, and a culture in which there is an overabundance of food and an obsession with thinness.
Chemical balances in the brain that may also result in depression, obsessive compulsive disorders, and bi-polar disorders may also cause some eating disorders. Other causes may be emotional events, illnesses, marital or family problems, manic depression, or ending a relationship. Over eight million Americans suffer from eating disorders. Over 80% of girls under age thirteen admit to dieting, one of the main factors linked to eating disorders. Although eating disorders are mainly found in middle- to upper class, highly educated, Caucasian, female adolescents, no culture or age group is immune to them (EDA HP, n.p.).
This essay will also assess the symptoms, causes, health affects and the most prevalent characteristics of people diagnosed with these two eating disorders. “Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by self-starvation to avoid obesity. People with this disorder believe they are overweight, even when their bodies become grotesquely distorted by malnourishment.” (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia) Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa include: heart muscle damage, heartbeat irregularities, low blood pressure, kidney damage, kidney failure, convulsions or seizures, loss of menstrual period in women, loss of bone density and fertility problems. (Schulherr) Anorexia Nervosa not only has physical symptoms but psychological symptoms as well. The psychological symptoms include strange behaviors, such as, only eating certain foods based primarily on caloric intake.
Eating disorders are associated with an altered body image, displeasure with body weight, and unhealthy patterns of food consumption (Valentina, Markovic, Srdanovic & Mitrovic, 2010, 3). Anorexia is an eating disorder in which the individuals have lost more weight than what is considered healthy for their height and age. Their weight loss and food intake or what they lack in consumption is deliberate. They are extremely afraid of gaining weight and have specific methods for losing weight. These individuals workout excessively and usually go for the method of starvation, with a few purging tendencies.
One main thing it can cause is heart failure due to low blood pressures and abnormally slow heart rates. Bulimia Nervosa: Bulimia Nervosa is a disease that causes you feel guilty about eating and as a result you use self-induced vomiting as a way to “get rid of the calories.” 80% of patients with bulimia are female and it affects 1-2% of adolescent and young adults. It can cause and also be the effects of depression and the risk of death... ... middle of paper ... ...s not only affect adults but also young children 81% of all 10 year olds are already afraid of being fat. Men with different eating disorders are often afraid to get treatment because of the disease being a “women’s disorder.” Around 10-15% of people with anorexia or bulimia are male. In magazines and on TV men’s bodies are shown as lean and muscular while women’s are shown as small and skinny.