In Binge- Eating /Purging type, during the current episode of Anorexia Nervosa, the person has regularly engaged in binge-eating/purging behavior (Rockwell 10). Anorexia may not be noticed in early stages. The Anorexic usually chooses to wear layered and baggy clothes to hide the “ugly fat body” .An Anorexic may have ritualistic eating patterns such as cutting food into little tiny pieces and weighing themselves. These can be found in people who are on a healthy diet, but in Anorexics these behaviors are extremely exaggerated. Other warnings are deliberate self-starvation with weight loss, fear of gaining weight, refusal to eat, denial of hunger, constant exercising, sensitivity to cold, absent or irregular periods, loss of scalp perception of being fat when the person is really to this.
S. L. McElroy, A. I. Guerdjikova, B. Martens, P. E. Keck Jr., H. G. Pope, and J. I. Hudson, “Role of antiepileptic drugs in the management of eating disorders,” CNS Drugs. http://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00023210-200923020-00004#page-1. 2009. 7. Hay PJ, Claudino AM.
Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000362.htm Mehler, P. (2001). Diagnosis and care of patients with anorexia nervosa in primary care settings. Annals Of Internal Medicine, 134(11), 1048-1059. Miller, M., & Pumariega, A.
The inability to deal with change during this time often leads to anorexia, bulimia, or compulsive overeating. The American Academy of Family Physicians (2003) states, “People with anorexia starve themselves, avoid high-calorie foods and exercise constantly.” The person suffering from anorexia is abnormally sensitive about being fat or has a massive fear of becoming fat. Low self esteem and a constant need for acceptance commonly is seen in anorexics. Michel and Willard (2003) contend the most prevalent characteristic with this disorder is reduced calorie intake. The initial need to lose just a few pounds is somewhere forgotten and the cycle of the disorder takes over.
The behavior itself typically doe not manifest into BED until adolescence or adulthood (Tanofsky-Kraff et al., 2013). BioSocial: Social/Environmental Childhood physical and sexual abuse are high determinates in binge eating disorders. Children who are abused are twice as likely to develop BED (Ericsson et al., 2012). Abuse victims attempt to relieve stresses by outlets such as food consumption. Guilt and hopelessness immediately follows (Tanofsky, 2007).
Individuals that suffer from Anorexia Nervosa are over critical of self-image and they feel like their weight is a measure of their self worth. (Schullherr, Eating Disorders For Dummies) These individuals often deny that they are too thin. In females, they will quit h... ... middle of paper ... ...t) In closing, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa both have severe repercussions on the affected individual’s health and psychological well being. These two eating disorders not only affect their physical health, but also have severe, long-term psychological effects. If individuals that are suffering from either eating disorder go without treatment, the disease can become detrimental to their health.
To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, an individual must have a significantly low body weight due to food restriction as well as an unjustifiably acute fear weight gain. The patient must also possess a warped perception of their body, place a high value on weight or shape, or are in denial about their unhealthy condition (Comer, 2013). Many suffering from anorexia nervosa spend time thinking and reading about food (Comer, 2013). Anorexic patients tend to severely overestimate body size and have beliefs that support abstaining from ingesting food due to maladaptive thinking patterns (Comer, 2013). Sleep disruption conditions occur with Anorexia Nervosa (Comer, 2013).
To someone with an eating disorder, their illness is a means of incorporating control into their lives. Anorexia Nervosa, a disorder of self- starvation, manifests itself in a complete refusal of food and can cause psychological, endocrine, and gynecological problems. An anorexic person will turn to obsessive dieting and starvation as a way to control not only their weight, but also their feelings and actions regarding the emotions attached (Definition of Anorexia Nervosa 1). Some physiological characteristics of Anorexia Nervo... ... middle of paper ... ...abuse. Clinical depression can also lead to an eating disorder.
BULIMIA NERVOSA 307.51 (F50.2) Introduction Individuals diagnosed with bulimia nervosa undertake frequent binge eating, followed by expelling the food, typically by inducing vomiting, but also through exercising and the use of laxative agents, diuretics, and enemas (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The binge eating occurrences are often prompted by a negative perception of one’s body image, temporarily alleviated by the binge eating episode. Since the individual with bulimia nervosa is overanxious about body weight, purging of the food is viewed as a necessity. This is in contrast to binge eating disorder, which does not involve the purging of food after an excess of food consumption (Bulik et al., 2012). Furthermore, although bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are similar in some respects, the two are in no way identical eating disorders.
British Journal of Psychiatry. 192, 243-244. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.107.044164 Zuckerman, D. (2005). Teenagers and cosmetic surgery. Virtual Mentor, 7(3). Retrieved from http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2005/03/oped1-0503.html.