explanatory Essay
1093 words
1093 words

• Petrie, Trent A. and Rogers, Rebecca L. Psychological correlates of anorexia and bulimic symptomatology. Journal of Counseling and Development. Volume 79. Spring. 01 pgs. 178-185.

Purpose: This study investigated the connection between eating disorder symptomatology and several psychological correlates-obsessiveness, dependency, over controlled hostility, assertiveness, locus of control, and self-esteem. Regression analyses indicated that obsessiveness and 2 factors of dependency accounted for 21% of the variance in a measure of anorexia attitudes and behaviors. One factor of dependency and obsessiveness accounted for 20% of the variance in a measure of bulimic symptomatology.
Subjects: Participants were 97 female undergraduates solicited from a large, southwestern university. The mean age of participants was 22. 17 years (SD=5.61). For race/ethnicity, 72% identified themselves as Caucasian or non-Hispanic, 10% Asian American, 7% African American, 7% Hispanic, 2% Native American, and 1% as “Other.” Thirty-three percent of participants classified themselves as freshmen, 13% as sophomores, 25% as juniors, and 27% as seniors. The majority stated they were single, never married (72%). Mean body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) of participants was 22. 23 (SD=3.83).
Instruments: Anorexic symptomatology, The 40-item EAT (Garner and Garfinkel, 1979) assesses psychological and behavioral symptoms associated with anorexia. For each item, individuals indicated the degree to which it applies to them on a 6-point scale ranging from always to never. Although there are 6 responses options, items are scored as follows: 3 points for the most extreme anorexic response, 2 points for the next most extreme response, and 1 point for the next, the remaining responses are scored as 0. A total score is obtained by summing points and may range from 0, no anorexic symptomatology, to 120, high degree of anorexic symptomatology. Bulimic Symptomatology. The 36-item Bulimia Test Revised (BULIT-R; Thelen, Farmer, Wonderlich, and Smith, 1991; Thelen, Mintz, and Vander Wal, 1996) measures symptoms of bulimia, based on criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994). Obsessiveness. The 70-item Leyton Obsessional Inventory-Questionnaire (LOI-Q; Snowdon, 1980) is a self-report inventory that was based on the individually administered Leyton Obsessional Inventory (Cooper, 1970). The LOI-Q consists of four subscales: Obsessional Symptom, Obsessional Trait, Resistance, and Interference, The Resistance and Interference, and Interference. The Resistance and Interference Subscales seem to measure a general level Interference subscales seem to measure a general level of psychological distress and were not used in the present investigation. The Obsessional Symptom subscale measures chronic thoughts and feeling that are ego-systonic and often result in compulsive behaviors used to decrease anxiety associated with resisting these thoughts and feelings.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains petrie, trent a., and rogers, rebecca l. psychological correlates of anorexia and bulimic symptomatology.
  • Explains that the study investigated the connection between eating disorder symptomatology and several psychological correlates, such as obsessiveness, dependency, over controlled hostility, assertively, locus of control, and self-esteem.
  • Identifies 97 female undergraduates from a large, southwestern university as caucasian, non-hispanic, asian, african, hispanic, native american, and "other."
  • Explains how the 40-item anorexic symptomatology assesses psychological and behavioral symptoms associated with anorexia.
  • Explains that the 48-item interpersonal dependency inventory measures thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and behaviors relating to one's needs to associate with valued others. factor analysis revealed the presence of three factors.
  • Explains that the hostility and direction questionnaire measures the degree and direction of overall hostility. the first three subscales measure extrapunitiveness, while the self-criticism and guilt are measures of intropunitiveness.
  • Explains the rosenberg self-esteem scale, which measures a self-acceptance dimension of self esteem. participants respond to items on 4-point scale ranging from 1, strongly agree, to 4, strongly disagree.
  • Explains the marlowe crowe social desirability scale, short form, which measures the degree to which people endorse socially desirable traits.
  • Explains that a demographic and weight questionnaire was developed to obtain information regarding age, racial/ethnic group, year in school, marital status, weight, and height.
  • Explains that instruments were selected based on construct definition, psychometric properties, and use in previous eating disorder research.
  • Concludes that different factors of dependency may be at work, so it is important for counselors to determine which factors are most significant for their clients.
  • Opines that future research should examine multiple personality and psychological characteristics to determine what is most important in women with eating disorder symptoms.
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