When Germany invaded The Netherlands in 1940, the Franks once again became subject to escalating anti-Semitic persecution. In 1941 Anne was required to transfer from a public school to a Jewish school. Secretly, Otto Frank prepared a hiding place by sealing off several rooms at the rear of his Amsterdam office building. A swinging bookcase hid the rooms Frank concealed. In June 1942 Anne received a diary for her 13th birthday.
The word “Holocaust”, was originated from the words “Holos” meaning whole, and “kaustos” meaning burned. To Adolf Hitler, Jews were an “inferior” race. After years of Nazi rule, Hitler’s “final solution” came under the cover of world war, with mass killing centers constructed in the concentration camps. Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Roma Gypsies, Priests and Pastors, homosexuals, and black children were all victims of the holocaust. Most of the victims left were from other countries.
Auschwitz Auschwitz, or Auschwitz-Birkenau, is the best-known of all Nazi death camps, though Auschwitz was just one of six extermination camps. It was also a labor concentration camp, extracting prisoners' value from them, in the form of hard labor, for weeks or months. Auschwitz was the end of the line for millions of Jews, gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, and other innocents. Some spend almost two years in this most infamous of concentration camps. The average prisoner only survived eight weeks in Auschwitz.
In 1940, the Germans envaded and conquered Holland. Anne's life had changed by the Germans taking control. She could not go to her school, and was to attend the Jewish Lyceum. No Jews were allowed out on the streets at night. In 1941, the Germans had their first round-up of Jews in Amsterdam.
(Metsalaar 16) Anne lived in Frankfurt until she was four because they were Jewish. Her dad had to immigrate to Holland in 1933, which he became the Managing Director of the Butch Opekta Company. In the month of April, Hitler and his government started to discriminate the Jews. Jewish teachers and civil servants were dismissed. At school, Jewish children were bullied and called names.
It was a death camp that contained specially designed gas chambers with the capability to kill thousands. (Berenbaum, 120) However, in the short time it was operated, it was responsible for the deaths of around 870,000 to 925,000 Jewish prisoners. There were numerous other concentration and death camps that need to be accounted for that were just as cruel to prisoners as Auschwitz; Treblinka is just one. By comparing Auschwitz and Treblinka, one can realize just how horrific it was to be a prisoner in any concentration camp throughout the 1940’s. Treblinka is the second most important German wartime extermination camp in all of history and it can take credit for the greatest amount of killings in the shortest amount of time.
At least 400,000 Jews were murdered in Belzec On April 1, 1942, the first night of Passover, the Aktion had ended, with more than 15,000 Jews transported to the concentration camp. As is Warsaw, Bialystok, private German firms became interest in exploit the cheap available labor. Belzec was transformed from a "reservation" into a liquidation center. In the spring of 1942, the Germans began transporting to it not only to Jews from the Reich but also the first transports from other countries. During World War II, the Nazis established extermination center to kill entire populations.
Other people died from the cruel punishments of the guards ' beatings and torture. In 1937, seven thousand Jews were in camps. By 1938, ten thousand more Jews were sent to camps. Jews were taken to camps if they expressed negative feelings about the government, if they married a non-Jew, if they were sick, mentally or physically, or if they had a police record. When someone escaped from the camp, all the prisoners in that grou... ... middle of paper ... ...be deloused; they filled the gas chambers like packed like sardines.
Just sixty years ago this year, the eleven were betrayed. Nazi soldiers came storming up and took away everyone in the room. They all went to concentration camps like Auschwitz. After a month they were all separated, after a year ten were dead. This makes me angry, the fact that they managed to stay alive for so long to be killed anyway, because of one man.
The camp area which was the second part of Dachau had 32 barracks, with one for those who opposed what the Nazi’s were doing, and another one that was for medical experiments. Administration... ... middle of paper ... ...her categories. “Starting that day, the Germans forced more than 7,000 prisoners, mostly Jews, on a death march from Dachau to Tegernsee far to the south” ("Dachau”). In the duration of the death march, anyone who was unable to continue the march for any reason was shot immediately by the German soldiers. This was not the only was that prisoners died though, many of them also died of hunger, cold, or exhaustion.