Animal Farm by George Orwell

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George Orwell’s Animal Farm is a story of pure propaganda. Propaganda is a recurring theme and technique seen and used by characters in the book, as well as the author. Animal Farm is an allegory that focuses on the communist revolution in Russia. Being an allegory, events in the book accurately depict actual events in history that actually relate to propaganda.
Propaganda is a central element to the plot of Animal Farm. Propaganda is used by various methods in the book. These methods vary depending on who uses them. Characters in the book use them because of who they are. Orwell also uses propaganda, simply by writing this book. This book clearly shows his views on communism and events that took place in history.
Orwell uses political propaganda the most in his novel. As previously stated, the entire book represents his political views on historic events. For example, Comrade Napoleon, once in power, slowly makes them work harder and stray away from that perfect paradise that they were promised once rebelling from Jones. This reflects the betrayal employed by the Russian government. Another example is when the animals on the farm work harder, but the windmill is destroyed several times. Each time this happens, the animals are told to work harder to repair it. These were the same techniques used by the Russian government. Also, the class distinction that is created on the farm is an example of political propaganda. Towards the end of the novel, the pigs, dogs, and Napoleon get much more food and other privileges than the rest of the animals. This class distinction comes to exist contrary to their original reform ideas. All three of these previous examples are examples of political propaganda. They are political comments that are implied by Orwell. By using this story, Orwell successfully transmits his political views to the reader.
In Animal Farm, Orwell mostly employs the element of patriotism. Being an Englishman, Orwell is criticizing the communist regime in Russia. Also, since it was published in a time of war, World War 2, his work is most definitely going to have an impact on people’s patriotism.
As far as the novel is concerned, Orwell also uses patriotism among the animals. There are numerous examples of this in the book. Comrade N...

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...lly gains anything in the end. This can be seen in many nations such as Cuba, Russia, and China, when they were under totalitarian governments. Orwell’s plot of how communism basically failed on the farm proves his view against communism and its faults. James Freeman from USA Today claims that in there is “no freedom of speech or assembly, no right to a fair trial, no right to vote “ in a country such as Cuba. On the other side of the story, some people claim that “The primary purpose of The Communist Manifesto was to outline the theory of Class Struggle and incite the Proletarian to revolt. Furthermore, it was to define a more ideal form of government, whose economic policy would do away with the Bourgeoisie class” which sounds like a great idea. The problem is, ideal communism is almost impossible to implement in a country, and when tried to, it fails at meeting its goals. That issue is the heart of Orwell’s argument and reason for creating Animal Farm.


Orwell, George. Animal Farm. Harcourt, Brace And Company, Inc: New York, 1946.

“Why communism is bad.”

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