The pigs are extremely similar to Joseph Stalin and his success with manipulating taking on the roll of a leader to his people. Just as Stalin did in Russia, through their use of propaganda, the pigs gain power by manipulating the lower level animals through their use of simplicity and repetition, lying, and gaining trust. In Animal Farm, the pigs relate and connect to Joseph Stalin and the Russian Revolution because they both had power and gained leadership through agitprop technics (Stults). “How easily totalitarian propaganda can control the opinion of enlightened people.” -George Orwell. This famous piece of literature, Animal Farm, was written by George Orwell himself around 1917 to 1945 after WWII because peasant farmers wanted to have a better life in general.
One of the major characters in the novel, Animal Farm, is Nepoleon. Napoleon, after driving Snowball, another pig who was trying to take over the farm, off the farm, took over. Nepoleon says one thing, and does the other, takes otherpeoples ideas, and he is the biggest liar on the farm. Nepoleon took the freedom of the animals, that they had gained from the revolution, and twisted it so that now instead of being enslaved by the farmer, they were enslavedby him.In the novel, Animal Farm, the animals speak with a Russian accent. For instance, the word "comrade" is used often.
The pigs force the other animals to labour endlessly while they lead lives of luxury. Their oppression culminates at the modification of the final commandment to “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others” (p.85). Despite Old Major’s dream of liberation and equality for all animals, democracy fails to materialise at Animal Farm. Here, Orwell’s text suggests that communism often becomes corrupt and violates the principles that founded it, leading readers to view communism negatively. This is reinforced when Orwell draws parallels between the corruption of Animal Farm and the corruption of the ideals of the Russian Revolution.
These ideals came to be known as Animalism. When Old Major died, a pig named Napoleon seized power. Napoleon and the other pigs are corrupted by the power and rule Animal Farm with iron fists. George Orwell’s allegorical novel Animal Farm proves Stevenson right when he stated that “Communism is the corruption of a dream of justice.” Old Major was very upset with the lives of the animals under the head of the farm, Mr. Jones. Before he died he called a meeting with all the animals on the farm.
Orwell used his writings mainly to expose the negative effects that political systems could have on people - harsh forms of control, manipulation, and repression. Even though Animal Farm was based on the Russian Revolution, particularly directed against Stalin's Russia, it is more meaningfully an anatomy of all political revolutions, where the revolutionary ideals of justice, equality, and fraternity shatter in the event. The story of Animal Farm tells of "a revolution that went wrong." One night Old Major, an old pig preached of freedom and equality for all animals as well as independence from humans to his fellow animal comrades. He introduced to them the 'Beasts of England' song, which inspired rebellion and soon afterwards, he died.
With today's political tension, do we really want our youth exposed to literature that encourages them to mistrust the government and supports a communist revolution? Animal Farm is indeed communist propaganda. It describes how the animals overthrow the farmer and drive all humans from the farm. The animals create a set of laws, designed to eradicate all hints of humanity; humanity, of course, represents the capitalist government. The animals call each other "comrade", a clear reference to communism, and after the revolution the animals are described as being "happy as they had never conceived it possible to be" (Orwell 46).
Conversely, he had many supporters who spoke eloquently and with their help, he put the (then) Soviet Union under his regime. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, the story of the Russian Revolution and its leaders are told through the use of allegorical satire. This masterpiece enlightens the human population about Russian communism and writes of the “leader” Napoleon, his troop of pigs, and the inhabitants of Animal Farm, who are oblivious to Napoleon’s corrupted ways and follow him blindly. In reality, Napoleon represented Stalin, who was a poor speaker but corrupt and demanding. He had many supporters and propagandists like the leading Soviet Union newspaper Pravda and political speakers such as Vyacheslav Molotov who supported his stances and seemly unapparent exploitations.
They set up a commune under the control of the pigs soon afterwards. But the pigs abuse their power and the animals end up being no better off than they were under Farmer Jones. Animal Farm, a parody of the Russian Revolution, is Orwell’s attempt to inform others about a purveying truth regarding human nature- that power is, by its very nature, corrupting. This is why “history consists of a series of swindles where the masses are first lead into revolt… and enslaved all over again”. Old Major, representing both Marx and Lenin, is the catalyst for the revolution.
However, after the rebellion, the animals allow the pigs to take over, who become the oppressive dictators who abuse the animals; Animal Farm has come full circle. It is rather obvious that the characters and events in Animal Farm are parallels to the rise and revolution of Communism in Russia. But why would Orwell write a fable instead of a political novel? One reason is prominent among many. By writing a fable, Orwell is able to incorporate traditional morals from well-known fables into his novel, Animal Farm; The morals from “The Ass and the Old Shepherd,” “The Hawk, the Kite, and the Pigeons,” and “The Lion’s Share.” Orwell uses the universal moral from “The Ass and the Old Shepherd” to defend a similar moral on government.
By the end of the book the pigs declare their intentions of allying with the humans against all the laboring classes of both the human and animal groups. And their decree of equality that stated: “all animals are equal,” was distorted by the pigs to say: “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” Animal farm is said to be a fairy tale due to its surreal qualities such as talking animals. Although, it can also be called a satire as Orwell uses humor to encourage reform and maximize the faults of communism and totalitarianism. Communism and totalitarianism are poor forms of government and as the book animal farm displays very flawed. Merriam Webster’s dictionary defines communism as “a way... ... middle of paper ... ...re expelled by their successor Stalin (Napoleon.)