Animal Farm Animals

Satisfactory Essays
Introduction There are numerous problems associated with the use of animals and animal products for human consumption. The increase of the human population has led to a growing demand for meat and other animal products. This has fundamentally changed the way we keep and breed animals over the last 50 years. Through the increase of scale and intensity of animal farms, the density of animals is remarkably higher. This has led to numerous problems associated with the farming of animals. Especially animal diseases are transmitted easier and their economic impact is greater. Examples include Food and Mouth disease, Classical swine fever, Newcastle disease, swine vascular disease and Q fever (Warenautoriteit 2014). Many of these disease also carry the risk of transmittance to humans and can cause serious health problems. The outbreak of such disease can lead to significant economic losses, both in the form of loss of production through the large scale extermination of infected animals, and through cost associated with adverse health effects in humans. Therefore there is large interest in finding solutions to these problems. One such solution has been the use of antibiotics in farm animals. While this has reduced the risk of certain diseases, over the years of use this has led to the rise of many antibiotic resistant micro-organisms, who pose a great risk to human health on their own. With the advent of genetic engineering technologies it has become possible to create new livestock animals whom are less susceptible to certain disease or might not transmit such diseases to humans (Houdebine 2009; Laible 2009). But genetic engineering allows us to do much more; it allows us to choose desirable traits or introduce new traits previously... ... middle of paper ... ...roduced into the human diet this will likely face stiff opposition from consumer groups who oppose the introduction. Certainly in countries such as Great-Britain where the government and beef industry have already suffered a huge blow towards their credibility in dealing with the BSE crisis. Also the way in which the British government seemed to push towards introduction of gm crops in the 1990’s and the subsequent mishandling of the Pusztai affair (Korthals 2002). Therefore the gm beef must not be forced upon the consumers and must only be made available when there is a significant risk of catching CJD in consuming normal beef. Only then may some consumer groups find the gm beef acceptable and some other might even demand it. But it’s more likely that in case of another BSE outbreak consumers will lose trust completely in the beef industry and turn away from beef.
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