Animal Farm

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“All animals are equal.” Animal Farm’s conception is based on the tenants of animalism – all four-legged and winged creatures are valuable and have the right to be liberated from slavery to a human master. They are acknowledged to have different strengths, yes – the pigs have great intelligence, while Boxer is strong and hard-working, and Clover embodies maternal compassion. Yet none of these gifts make one animal superior to another, and they are used to pursue the protection of the weaker animals and the betterment of the farm. In establishing a societal hierarchy of animals, Napoleon betrays these ideals, and becomes like the humans he once despised. As the pigs assume the privileges humanity alone has long held, Animal Farm comes full circle and the animals are plunged back into subordination and servitude to cleverer creatures. Jones is not merely a typical human, who considers himself above the animals and forces them to work, but still feeds them adequately and cares for them. He is an impoverished alcoholic who often forgets to feed his animals or consider their basic needs. This is what had provoked the animals to rebel in the first place: “He immediately went to sleep … so that when evening came, the animals were still unfed. They could stand it no longer.” When the pigs begin to rule the other animals, they emulate the characteristics of a kind, understanding farmer. They are the intellects of the farm, they explain, and therefore deserve certain privileges, but the working animals are never unjustly deprived of their rations and rest. This changes, as the building of the windmill leaves less time for harvesting food. Napoleon realizes that to continue to give each animal its rightful share would mean tha... ... middle of paper ... ...ect and original name.” Animal farm begins as an exciting new idea, envisioned to be greater than any that have come before. When the pigs first appoint themselves as leaders, they honestly believe in Old Major’s vision, and wish to do what is best for all animals. The lure of unrestrained temper this wish, and influence the pigs to increasingly adopt the attitudes of Mr. Jones. They believe that their intelligence and ability to strategize gives them the right to rule the other animals as they like, with disregard for anything that does not affect themselves. Eventually, the relations between pigs and other animals become identical to those previously between humans and all animals. The carefully formulated Commandments governing the realization of an egalitarian society are reduced to one: “All animals are equal. But some animals are more equal than others.”

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