In the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell, the pig Napoleon uses specific tactics to gain power and control over the animal farm. Some of these techniques include controlling information through education, scapegoating, use of fear, swaying public opinion and blind obedience.
Lord Acton, the British historian once said, “Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely.” In the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell, the author gives many examples of how power is used to manipulate and produce fear. In this book the main character, Napoleon, became a master of using various tactics to gain and maintain power over the rest of the animals. Napoleon used propaganda, manipulation and fear to gain more loyalty and power throughout the farm.
Animal Farm By George Orwell Animal Farm is a story of how the animals revolted because of the way they were treated by Mr. Jones, the farmer. They felt that the farmers made all the profit, reaped all the rewards but didn't do any of the work. So they formed a government called Animalism. In Animalism, there are no owners, no rich, but no poor, workers got a better life, and all animals are equal. They had even established laws called the Seven Commandments, which were intended to give basic rights to animals and protect them from oppression.
Animal Farm I. Animal Farm is a story of the struggle for freedom and power. It takes place on a farm in England called Manor Farm. There are many different kinds of animals on the farm; these animals include horses, geese, dogs, cats, sheep, and pigs, which are the most intelligent of all the animals. The story starts out when old Major, an old, wise pig, calls a meeting in the barn. He tells the animals about a dream he has.
Propaganda is the spreading of ideas either rumors or facts, using media such as television or newspapers, for the purpose of influencing the public's opinion of an individual or institution. Propaganda is used heavily in the novel Animal Farm, by George Orwell. The novel is an allegorical story with both a literal meaning, animals overthrowing an abusive farmer and then, the farm descends into a tyrannical state, as well as symbolic meaning of the Russian Revolution. The leader of Russia after the Russian Revolution, Joseph Stalin, constantly used propaganda to influence and control his citizens. Napoleon, the leader of animal farm used Squealer to create propaganda as a means of controlling and having power over the animals on the farm. In George Orwell's novel, Animal Farm, the idea that those who controlled the means of communication have the power to create the truth is evident when Squealer convinces the animals to give up their voting rights, when he justifies Snowball’s exile, and when he falsifies statistics to make the animals believe conditions on the farm are better than they appear.
Many may wonder or not understand what the Russian Revolution was about. George Orwell’s classic, Animal Farm, is an allegory for the Russian Revolution of 1917. An allegory is a story in which things, actions, etc. are symbolic (Webster’s New Pocket Dictionary, page 9). In Animal Farm, there is a farm where all the animals are being run by pigs. The animals go to desperate measures for their mean human farmer, Mr. Jones, not to return. They do not want to be led by a human, who does not care about the animals. With pigs running the Animal Farm, a lot of things get complicated. The main leader, Napoleon becomes greedy, later becoming a lot like their old human farmer (Animal Farm, George Orwell). In Orwell’s Animal Farm, Joseph Stalin, from the Russian Revolution is represented by Napoleon. Napoleon’s characteristics include greed, being controlling, and always finding a way to get whatever he wants (Animal Farm, George Orwell).
George Orwell’s Animal Farm was published August 17, 1945 in England which is also where the setting of the book is derived. It is a fiction novel based largely around the Russian Revolution and Dictator Joseph Stalin as many of Orwell’s works were. He uses animals to represent the people of the revolution because he did not want it to completely obvious of what the idea of the novel was.
The revolution had begun and it was perfect at first with Snowball in charge until everything turned around and went for the worse. Most of Old Major’s seven commandments had all been changed. “No animal shall sleep in a bed” eventually turned into, “No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets”, “No animal shall drink alcohol” was now “No animal shall drink alcohol to excess”, “No animal shall kill any other animal” changed to “No animal shall kill any other animal without cause”, and finally “All animals are equal” now is “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others”. Napoleon started turning into a human and trading with them. Animalism was supposed to be equal for all animals and life was supposed to be easier, but Napoleon had changed everything.
An infamous party came to light in 1917, with the overthrow of Tsar Nikolai II. Known as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, it established a new government under Vladimir Lenin. However a well-known man, by the name of Joseph Stalin, took over soon after Lenin’s death in 1924. Stalin, often known as “Koba” in the party or “Uncle Joe” to the western media, was not an effective speaker. Conversely, he had many supporters who spoke eloquently and with their help, he put the (then) Soviet Union under his regime. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, the story of the Russian Revolution and its leaders are told through the use of allegorical satire. This masterpiece enlightens the human population about Russian communism and writes of the “leader” Napoleon, his troop of pigs, and the inhabitants of Animal Farm, who are oblivious to Napoleon’s corrupted ways and follow him blindly. In reality, Napoleon represented Stalin, who was a poor speaker but corrupt and demanding. He had many supporters and propagandists like the leading Soviet Union newspaper Pravda and political speakers such as Vyacheslav Molotov who supported his stances and seemly unapparent exploitations. In Orwell’s allegorical novella, the main propagandist is a pig named Squealer. When the animals question the actions of Napoleon or past events, Squealer is always able to appease them with lies and propaganda. Squealer is able to manipulate the minds of the animals of Animal Farm, by his persuasive fabrication and soothing perjury.
In the book ‘ Animal Farm’ by: George Orwell, the “Seven Commandments” are listed. They were invented from the pigs and voted upon the other animals. One of the commandments being, “what ever goes upon 2 legs is an enemy”. This is ironic to me. With Major being dead and Napoleon taking control, he seems like this great leader. However, his power and arrogance begins to take over the true meaning of what it means to be a leader and make good change. He turns out to be the enemy. He changes the commandments because he could not stick by them. It’s comical how you can label other people of being evil and wicked but you could be just the same. Napoleon’s actions have proved that anyone is capable of