The Industrial Revolution was a time of great change and increased efficiency. No more would be goods be produced by sole means of farming and agriculture, but now by the use of machinery and factories. Technology was beginning to increase along with the food supply as well as the population. However, this increase in population would greatly impact the social aspect of that time. Urbanization was becoming much more widespread. Cities were becoming overwhelmingly crowded and there was an increase in disease as well as harsh child labor. Although child labor would be reduced somewhat due to unions, the Industrial Revolution still contained both it’s positive and negative results.
There are many forms of Christianity. Some of which include, Baptist, Lutheran, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and Anglicanism. Each denomination of Christianity has different origins, features, rituals, beliefs, practices, developments and evolutions. With its headquarters in Canterbury, Anglicanism is one denomination that came about before the Reformation and from Roman Catholicism.
“Early in the industrial revolution, factory workers began forming associations to gain better wages, hours, and working conditions”.(beers, p.80) “Between 1870 and 1914, the lot of industrial workers improved dramatically”. “Wages rose significantly”.(beers, p.81) “As you may have heard before living conditions in early industrial cities were deplorable”.(beers, p.81) The rise of labor unions, gains for workers, and improving city life was a huge part of the industrial revolution.
The labor movement in the U.S. changed drastically with the Industrial Revolution era. It altered the way employers conducted business and impacted the labor of skilled craftsmen. As the revolution altered the workforce and companies became decentralized, commerce became more mobile. Industrialization changed the way employers conducted business and dramatically changed the working conditions for employees necessitating the need for a more formalized labor relations process. Labor unions became more widespread during this era with several rising to the top:
The Revolution led people away from the rural farm life to the mass production of the urban scene. Workers were needed in booming industries such as cotton, iron production, and coal mining. As a result, people flocked to the cities to meet the need. These industries were controlled by the bourgeoisie, the wealthy upper class. They wanted to take advantage of the new technology and the intense demand for new products, which translated into money. These owners sent the poor farmers straight to work, and exploited them from the start. The workers received low pay and worked long hours in extremely unfavorable, and even dangerous, conditions. This continued and the bourgeoisie prospered at the expense of the oppressed proletariat. Once the Industrial Revolution started it became rather efficient.
After the industrialization, machine became so important that workers’ excellent skill was not necessary anymore. So talented workers were no more valuable. Entrepreneurs could easily hire cheaper workers to run the machine, which lower the workers’ salaries in a certain degree. Then of course workers wanted to gain equality with their employers like what they lived before. Therefore, workers established Unions to protect their own benefits.
There is now hindsight prospective on the need for unions during the industrial revolution. Both sides of the argument can usually agree that working conditions were unsafe and compensation was unjust in the early history of labor unions. Many works of scholarly writing provides evidence of the need for unionization in the mid-19th century in America.
In the year 1750, began advancement in technology known as the industrial revolution which started in Great Britain and spread globally. The access to trade, wealth, education, resources, and population caused the industrial revolution to begin in Great Britain. While the industrial revolution caused higher wages and extension in railway systems, it also resulted in cruel punishments, harsh working conditions, and terrible accidents. The industrial revolution improved conveyance and pay for everyone during this time. Over time the wages in Britain increased by heaps. From the year 1850- 1890 the wages increased from 90 to about 165 (document5). As a result more money was given to the workers so they could provide for their families. Railways
By the eighteenth century, new inventions were brought to America, as a result the economy increased exponentially. More jobs were available for Americans, however, the free market affected labor workers negatively. Labor unions were created to cope with that and have been around since 1768, when journeymen tailors protested for wage reduction. In 1879, strikes commence, which cause controversial issues that affected society. It is accurate that labor unions destroyed the free market by encumbering businesses with regulations essentially penalizing the wealthy for being successful because workers demanded enhancement of working conditions, preferable wages, and minimum working hours.
With many craftsmen out of jobs and more hungry laborers coming from Europe, the society was changing and growing and innovations had to keep up with that. “Pressure for change came from several directions. Immigrants from Europe, especially the Middle Atlantic region, increased the supply of urban labor” (332). Men came from Europe in the hopes that they could create big industries, especially because they knew that there was enough space and people to make it happen successfully. One of the biggest industries to arise during the industrial revolution was the addition of textile mills. These textile mills could quadruple the amount of work one woman could do at home. These factories provided many people with employment but many of the employees complained that they were working long hours without enough money earned to compensate for it. “But increasing competition in the textile industry cut profits, and by the 1830s, operatives found wages cut, boardinghouse rents raised, or workloads increased. Twice, in 1834 and again in 1836, women took strike action to resist these changes” (351). Most women that could not find jobs before the industrial revolution gained them after but they felt the injustice that was being put on them. Consequently, it was very popular for the employees to build labor unions to fight against what republicanism was turning out to