If this problem is not treated right away, the portion of the heart fed by the artery will begin to die. Scar tissue will form on what was once health heart tissue. The heart damage may not be noticeable, or it may cause severe or long-lasting problems. (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) Another cause of heart attacks is due to a severe coronary artery spasm, this is this least common cause. Coronary artery spasms are brief temporary tightening or contraction of the muscles in the artery wall.
Acute heart failure means the heart does not have time to undergo compensatory adaptations. It can be life threatening and develops rapidly. Chronic heart failure means the heart try to undergoing some adaptive measures like dilation and hypertrophy to a precipitating cause. However, these responses will lead to worsening and deleterious to patient condition in the long run. (Cardiovascular Physiology Concept 2015) Heart failure can also involve the heart's left side, right side or both sides.
The patient is also suffering from peripheral edema this is usually due to the right side of the heart failing. Once the right side of the heart fails, it can no longer effectively pump oxygenated blood through the capillaries. Blood then begins to stagnate in the bodies organs and fluid gets pushed into interstitial tissue (Marieb, 2010). Swelling generally occurs in the lower extremities and can cause permanent nerve damage if untreated. The patient was administered a potent loop diuretic to treat his edema, furosemide... ... middle of paper ... ...opment of hepatic encephalopathy to worsen (Seifter, 2007).
Cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart is enlarged and the muscle is thick and rigid (Mayo Clinic, 2015). These characteristics impair the hearts ability to fill or contract, which subsequently impairs circulation and deprives the body of oxygen necessary for healthy cellular function. Cardiomyopathy may be acquired or hereditary, but regardless of cause, it may lead to congestive heart failure if not properly managed (Mayo Clinic, 2015). Common symptoms of congestive heart failure include breathlessness, fatigue, edema of legs and feet, and ascites. While these symptoms can be managed through the use of pharmaceuticals and behavior modifications, high rates of hospital readmissions are trending for patients with congestive heart
When the LDL cholesterol embeds itself in the wall of the artery it than damages the artery then blood pressure expands it which causes an aneurysm. When an aneurysm is too weak there is a high possibility of it bursting, when that happens it leaves the cells in and around that area without oxygen. If that artery is connected to a major vital organ the person will most likely die. When the blood flow is slowed it shows a greater risk for blood clots and although blood clots are natural and important to healing broken blood vessels, if blood clots gather inside the blood vessel this proves to be a serious health risk. The clots have the possibility to get stuck and completely cut off the blood flow to cells, leaving them without oxygen and causing them to die.
Atherosclerosis is a very serious condition that requires medical attention and a change in life style because it is a precursor to many dangerous and potentially fatal diseases. Atherosclerosis begins when the inner wall of the artery becomes damaged and cholesterol and fatty plaques begin to lodge in the arteries. Damage to the endothelial wall inside the artery can be caused by hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia (“Subclinical Atherosclerosis..” 443). When this happens, the immune system responds by sending monocytes to the damaged area. The monocytes turn into macrophages; their job is to eat up the excess cholesterol and unblock the artery.
A heart attack can happen when there is a tear in the plaque, this triggers blood platelets and other substances start to form a blood clot at the site that blocks blood from being able to flow to the heart. This is the most frequent cause of heart attack. A slow buildup of plaque may narrow one of the coronary arteries so that it is almost blocked. The cause of heart attack is not always identified. Heart attacks can occur at anytime; when you are asleep or resting, after a sudden increase in physical activity, after sudden, severe emotional or physical stress, including illness.
The Links Between Diet and Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease is a disease of the arteries that causes damage to, or malfunction of, the heart. It is the biggest killer in Britain and is also the most expensive illness in the country. When atherosclerosis - the accumulation of fatty material, calcium and plaque (which is like a firm shell with a soft inner core containing cholesterol and as blood hits it, the plaque may crack open and expose its inner cholesterol core, which promotes blood clotting) in artery walls - occurs in the lining of the coronary arteries they become narrow, restricting the flow of blood. Because of this, the heart has to work harder to force blood through the coronary arteries and this can cause blood pressure to rise. It also makes it harder to get oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle.
Organ damage can lead to infections and other complications. Infections that are hard to fight for a person with sickle cell disease. A stroke could happen due to the lack of oxygen to the brain. Strokes are a high risk for anyone with sickle cell disease. During a stroke brain cells may die causing more
Guillain Barre Syndrome is a life threatening disorder and needs timely treatment and therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin’s. Unfortunately many people can lose their lives without proper and prompt medical treatment. “Dysautonomia and pulmonary complications are the basic reason for death for those contract GBS, luckily these kind of complications are rare..” Guillain-Barre syndrome is a disorder that your ownbody's immune system attacks your nerves. The first symptoms usually consist of weakness and or tingling in lower extremitites as well as the hands. These symptoms can quickly spread, eventually paralyzing your whole body.