Definition: Anemia is a common condition that afflicts many people around the world. Anemia is a Greek word meaning ‘without blood’. The modern definition of Anemia is any condition characterized by an abnormal decrease in the body’s total red blood cell mass. It is also defined as a condition in which a person has fewer red blood cells than normal and feels very weak and tired.
Anemia Causes: The causes of Anemia are all related to the Red Blood Cells (RBC). It is cause d mainly due to impaired RBC production or increased RBC destruction and is caused due to blood loss and fluid overload. The most common cause of anemia is blood loss, although this does not have any permanent symptoms. Excessive blood loss can be caused by stomach ulcers, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the stomach, cancer, some medications, childbirth, mensuration, surgery and trauma in accidents. Immune reactions, some medications, infections, medical procedures and toxins for example using a heart-lung bypass machine, or hemodialysis can cause hemolysis. Diet and hormones also play a key role in the development of anemia. A diet that lacks iron, Vitamin B12 or folic acid can forestall the body from performing enough red blood cells.
Symptoms of the Disease: When suffers from Anemia, the symptoms are not obvious soon. The symptoms of anemia depend on the condition or according to the cause of the anemia. Lethargy and tiredness are the most public symptoms of anemia and the most pronounced. Lethargy is a mental condition in which a person does not feel like working and fatigue is a physical condition in which a person feels he does not have enough energy to work. Another symptoms are malaise (seems that one is not well), dyspnea (shortness of breath; breathing hard or difficult), poor concentration, palpitations and sensitivity to acold temperatures.
Treatment of the Disease: Anemia is diagnosed through a blood test and once the doctor identifies the cause of anemia there are different treatment options available. Treatments may have dietary changes or supplements, medicines, procedures, or surgery to treat blood loss. The goal of treatment is to modify the average of oxygen that the blood can carry.