The Pop Arts' movement began in the late 50's and early 60's. Dubbed, the founding father of the movement, Andy Warhol brought forward society's obsession with mass culture and allowed it to become the subject of art itself. Using many techniques such as isolation, repetition and colour placement, Warhol brought to the world of art his views on materialism, politics, economics and the media. Andy was quick to warn his admirers and critics, ?do not look any deeper than the surface of my art and my life' (Bockris 21). Andy Warhol produced works that defied the popular notion of what art should be.
Looking at the pioneers of Pop Art, Andy Warhol with his works “Campbell’s Soup Cans” and “Untitled from Marilyn Monroe (Marilyn)” and Claes Oldenburg with his exaggerated fabrications of everyday objects. This will highlight how the clash of High Art and Low Culture changed the worlds view on what is classified as Art. The earliest appearance of Pop Art was believed to be birthed in the mid 1930s however was brought to the forefront of the Art world in the late years of the 1950s and the early years of the 1960s. “It was quite stunning at the beginning – the first post World War II representational reaction to abstract art that was not primarily conservative (or antimodernist) in spirit” . It challenged people to think about what was classified or defined as being Art.
America had gone through a depression and a world war; Warhol had lived through this and saw the changes of development and manufacture. During the war production changed to mass production, and when the war was over they related this technique to modern advertising. What Warhol did was take this change in production and turned it into art. Warhol used silkscreen technique (the Use of silkscreen technique was originally used for commercial printing process) on Marilyn Diptych, which creates commercial and impersonal process. Andy Warhol would transfer an existing image- Marilyn (from mass media) directly on to the silk-screen and print it on to the canvas.
American artists used what they saw and experienced within their culture they were a part of. In the United States, pop art depicted the real world, quite literally. By using mundane imagery, American pop artists shy away from the emphasis on personal feelings and symbolism that were in abstract expressionism. In Britain, Pop Art had an academic vision. It became a way for artists to express their need for change.
The idea of sexual images were considered as permissible because censorship became a thing of the past in the 60’s. Once the photographic technique was invented and television that soon followed, the blood shed and graphic nature of the war was brought inside our homes live and animated. In the mean time art works became a reflection of this. A written argument by art critic Jean Baudrillard shares the position of the site yet while the sites position stands behind the theory of television and technology as a meaning of why Pop existed the way it did, Baudrillard has another theory. ... ... middle of paper ... ...ct on the world of art in general.
However, someone can easily find Suzanne Collin’s Hunger Games series or Stephani Meyer’s Twilight series in the nearest bookstore. Regarding this, according to Adorno’s criticism on mass culture, pop art as the product of mass culture is seen as unauthentic due to commodification of the art itself. Commodification here means the transformation of art as a commodity to be sold. Simply, pop art sees the production of art as a business. For example, Barbara Kruger’s poster I Shop there I am successfully expresses
Truman capote was a novelist who happens to write a book called breakfast at tiffany’s (1958) which Audrey Hepburn would later star as the main character in the film. Similarly to Warhol, Capote started of his career as a publisher in glamour magazine and Harper’s bazaar back in 1946, selling short stories. His literary and social star status aspired Andy Warhol to be different than other commercial artist during the 1950s. Capote sense of style was well-known at the time for his jeans and t-shirts. This would later become part of Warhol fashion trademark when he rose to fame in the
The derogatory term, “kitsch” was made popular by Greenberg as he used it to describe commercialized art as tasteless unoriginal copies of high class works. In spite of Greenberg’s criticisms, the popular culture movement continued to flourish and low-culture art was becoming a reputable art form. This was largely due to the efforts of artist, Andy Warhol. Warhol removed the separation between high and low art, reshaped pop-culture and put it into the galleries. The Warhol effect is not referring to his signature posterized style, but to a rebellious attack on elite class, and assumption of mainstream culture to achieve prominence.
Andy Warhol often talked about his personal aura as well as with his arts. While Benjamin saw reproductions as cheap imitations of the original art, Warhol thought that it created a new sense of aura. One of his famous works is his Marilyn Monroe print, which is multiplied several times, and Warhol thought this gave off an aura of celebrity and fame. The destruction of the aura creates a more even playing field for all artists, allowing them to get their art out into the world however they please, and giving them more artistic freedom. If Warhol had followed Benjamin’s thoughts, then we may have had only one of each of his
His styles and techniques were so particular and well-liked, that he succeeded regardless of the trends going on around him; The Dance (1910) being the perfect example, for it was loved and hated by many. By the 1920's, he was increasingly noticed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. He was appreciated for bringing that traditional style painting into the modern age and not allowing it to die out like many other artistic traditions had.11 Even though he had been firmly criticized for how he painted, he was still respected for his eclectic style of line and brushwork. Matisse dreamt of, "an art of balance, of purity and serenity, devoid of troubling subject matter" (MA, 38).12 He did this by painting things with simple detail, and also with a light, airy, feel. He wanted to convey the message of classical art, as well as very modern styles of art.