Health promotion is a guiding concept involving activities intended to enhance individual and community health well-being. It aims at increasing involvement and control of the individual and the community in their own health. It acts to develop health and social welfare, and to reduce explicit determinants of diseases and risk factors that unfavourably affect the health, well-being, and productive capacities of an individual or society, setting targets based on the size of the problem but also the possibility of successful involvements, in a cost-effective
“Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans.” ( United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Healthy People 2020 , 2011). It acts as a national guide for disease prevention and health promotion. There are various objectives and goals which serve as the guideline to achieve overall improvement in health . ‘Educational and Community-Based Programs’ is one of them. According to U.S Department of Health and Human Services the main goal of these programs is to “Increase the quality, availability, and effectiveness of educational and community-based programs designed to prevent disease and injury, improve health, and enhance quality of life.” (HHS, Healthy People 2020, 2011). This particular goal of Healthy People 2020 focuses on increasing the number educational and community based programs to increase awareness about disease prevention and health among every individual of the society. It focuses on educating them on various topics including chronic diseases, substance abuse, prevention of injury and violence to encourage and enhance health. It emphasizes on increasing the quantity and quality of such programs so that a larger population could benefit from the program and gain effective knowledge to achieve a healthy life.
Health protection is an essential component of health promotion that focuses on prevention services, such as screening tests and immunizations, and self-care actions. Often this is an overlooked aspect of health promotion because actions need to be taken when people are healthy rather than in response to illness. Physicians and nurses have many opportunities to teach patients about actions they can take to protect their health (Johns Hopkins University, 2010f; Miller, 2013).
...program of nationwide health-promotion and disease-prevention goals set by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The goals and objectives of Healthy People 2020 was predicated on a health system accessible to all Americans that would integrate personal health care and population-based public health activities. The goals were first set in 1979, for the following decade. The goals were subsequently updated for Healthy People 2000, Healthy People 2010, and Healthy People 2020. Healthy People 2020 was developed through a broad consultation process, built on the best scientific knowledge, and designed to measure programs over time. It is composed of 467 specific objectives organized into 28 focus areas, as well as two overarching goals. The two goals are "increase quality and years of healthy life" and "eliminate health disparities".
The health promotion is a key factor process of permitting people to increase control over their health status in order to improve it. It not only covers the actions directly aimed at increasing the skills and capabilities of individuals, but is also aimed at changing the social, environmental and economic issues that impact on healthy habits.
It is very important for Americans to be proactive with their health and pursue a healthy lifestyle. Americans suffer from many health issues such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, liver disease, mental disorders and addiction. What is important to understand is that many of these diseases are preventative or the onset can be delayed and health risks reduced by utilizing preventative services. Healthy People 2020 is a national health promotion that focuses on helping individuals improve their health and increase longevity by improving infrastructure, expanding preventative service and promoting education and awareness.
Healthy People are a nationwide program set by the United States Department of Health and Human Services with the objectives to promote health and prevent disease. The Healthy People program was first initiated in 1979, followed by Healthy People 1990, 2000 and 2010 with the same goals and objectives to promote health and prevent diseases. Due to the accomplishments that has been achieved in the previous years under this program, the Healthy People 2020 expanded or rather broadened their goals and objectives beyond disease prevention, health promotion and reducing health disparities, but to also eliminate healthcare disparities that has plagued this nation by the year 2020. The governing body, the United States Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for coordinating this program; track the progress of these objectives so as to improve the health of the population. Among the various goals set by this body, only three will be discussed in this paper to gain more insight as to what it entails. These include health equity to improve the health of all groups; social and physical environments that promote good health; and to promote quality of life, healthy development and healthy behavior across life stages.
Healthy people 2020 it is a result of others healthy people programs that were focused on preventing and promoting health. What they do is monitoring and gives points of reference about Americans health progress in United State. All this is based on scientific 10 years research. Their mission is to identify the most important needs in critical evaluation, collection of data and research. Detect the priorities to improve the health in our nation, and intent to make the people understand and be aware of what causing disabilities, diseases and what promotes health. Their mainly goal is promote, attain and achieve a very high quality of health for every group of people and prevent injuries, diseases, and death in a premature events.
The discipline of nursing is generally recognized to integrate health, nursing, environment, and person as vital components of its foundation. Though health is the commonly accepted goal of the nursing discipline, its definition of health has shifted in meaning to one that is multidimensional. Health was once universally accepted to be defined as the absence of disease among many health professionals. Presently, this concept is now considered one of many due to increasing diversity in cultural and societal norms. The rise of health promotion as a universal plan of action to improve health of mankind has since transitioned from its traditional meaning to a new concept that includes biopsychosocial, spiritual, cultural, and environmental elements.
Healthy People 2020 is an initiation of health programs for the population launched by the Department of Health and Human Services in December 2010.It’s a program that aids in the prevention and promotion of the four Goals – 1. Health 2. Preventative Care 3. Safety from injuries and 4. Premature diseases. A vision to improve all groups, ethnicities and classification free of diseases. A healthy approach to achieve, improve and eliminate differences and improve the social, mental and physical environments with better health quality development and healthy environments through all life stages. Healthy people 2020 has been designed to improve the health of the American Population to provide the best care accessible where almost 1 in 4 Americans don’t have health insurance or a primary care provider to get regular health check-ups. Healthy people 2020 program is renewed with new measures and objectives to understand and communicate with population needs.
Healthy People 2020 is a program for the promotion of health and the prevention of diseases, launched by the Department of Health and Human Services in December 2010. According to healthypeople.gov, this program has four overarching goals which are first to achieve healthy, longer lives free of preventable diseases, injuries, and premature deaths; to achieve health fairness, eliminate differences, and improve all groups’ health; also to produce social and physical environments that encourage good health; and last but not least to promote life’s quality, healthy development, and healthy behaviors through all life stages. This program has a vision of a community where people live long, healthy lives. Healthy People 2020 offers a comprehensive set of 10 years of nationwide goals and objectives that is meant to improve the health of the American population. Healthy People 2020 covers 42 topic areas with approximately 600 objectives, which include 1,200 measures. A smaller set of Healthy People 2020 objectives, has been designated to communicate high-priority health issues and actions that can be taken to address them, this objectives are called Leading Health Indicators. The program goes above and beyond these health indicators in order to provide the best care for the people of this country. These indictors cover from the access of health service, nutrition, physical activity, and obesity to substance abuse, environmental quality, injury and violence.
Often in practice, we as nurses deal with a variety of diseases and treatments and often have to react to the illness that the patient presents with upon our interaction. While this is an essential piece of our practice, we also have a duty to our patients to be proactive in preventing specific health-related consequences based on their risk factors and to promote their health and well being. Health promotion as it relates to nursing is about us empowering our patients to increase their control over their lives and well beings and includes: focusing on their health not just illness, empowering our patients, recognizing that health involves many dimensions and is also effected by factors outside of their control (Whitehead et al. 2008)..
To start off, I am going to explain the Health Promotion definition. Health is one’s ability to function well physically, mentally, and socially in order to function within the environment in which they are living in (World Health Organization, 2016). Encouraging one’s control over their own health in relation to social and environmental interventions defines health promotion which leads to the optimization of health (World Health Organization, 2016). It is essential for older adults to partake in changing their lifestyle in terms of their behavior and applying the knowledge they receive from health care providers in order to promote health (World Health Organization, 2016). Older adults mostly have a hard time taking care of themselves and need the assistance to guide them for their well-being. Therefore, nurses have a vital role in providing information and teaching individuals how to gain healthy ideas to promote healthy behaviors. Health promotion is a crucial element in supporting an older adult living with a health challenge such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Health promotion is a multifaceted movement with a core value on respect, empowerment, equity, inclusion and social justice (MacDougall 2002). Aims to achieve holistic health, while it is influenced by medical and social determinants. These determinants which aids to deter...