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Andrew Johnson

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1447 words
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Background Andrew Johnson, the 17th president, was born in Raleigh, North Carolina on December 29th, 1808. At the young age of three years old, Andrew’s father. Jacob Johnson passed away while drowning in an attempt to save the life of Editor Henderson from the Raleigh Gazette in 1812. Andrew’s mother, Mary Johnson, worked hard as a seamstress and washerwoman in order to support Andrew and his three brothers, and her; but she was unable to afford to send them to school. From the age of 14 until 16 he worked as an apprentice to a tailor but talked to his mother and stepfather about moving and starting a new life. He then opened a tailor shop in Greenville, Tennessee, married Eliza McCardle on May 17, 1827 and participated in debates at the local academy. Eliza and Andrew had five children, including one son who was later killed serving as a Union soldier in the Civil War. Andrew impressed the townspeople in several ways and at the age of nineteen he was elected into the village council. In 1862, President Lincoln appointed him Military Governor of Tennessee and with this position he used the state as a laboratory for reconstruction. In 1864, the Republicans, contending that their National Union Party was for all loyal men, nominated Johnson, a Southerner and a Democrat, for Vice President. Johnson was simple and direct in manner and sometimes seemed cold since he spoke so bluntly. He was a gifted orator and possessed a strong, clear voice. Andrew enjoyed playing checkers, puttering in his vegetable garden, going to the circus and minstrel shows. Johnson was the first president to be impeached and was acquitted in the Senate by only a single vote. He was the only President without any schooling and didn’t learn to read until his wife taught him at the age of seventeen. “There are some who lack confidence in the integrity and capacity of the people to govern themselves. To all who entertain such fears I will most respectfully say that I entertain none… If man is not capable, and it not to be trusted with the government of himself, is he to be trusted with the government of others… Who, then, will govern? The answer must be, man – for we have no angels in the shape of men, as yet, who are willing to take charge... ... middle of paper ... ...nment of others… Who, then, will govern? The answer must be, man – for we have no angels in the shape of men, as yet, who are willing to take charge of our political affairs.” Andrew Johnson in 1853 “Let peace and prosperity be restored to the land. May God bless this people: may God save the Constitution.” Andrew Johnson in 1875 "The times we live in are not without instruction. The American people must be taught -- if they do not already feel -- that treason is a crime and must be punished; that the Government will not always bear with its enemies; that it is strong not only to protect but to punish." Andrew Johnson Works Cited “Andrew Johnson” 24 April 2004 www.whitehouse.gov “Andrew Johnson” 24 April 2004 www.wordiq.com DeGregorio, William A. The Complete Book of American Presidents. New York, New York: Red Sembner Enterprises Corporation, 1984. Douglas, Paul Senator. American Roulette. Canada: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1965. “The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson.” 24 April 2004 www.impeach-andrewjohnson.com Whitney, David. The American Presidents. Garden City: Doublebay and Company Incorporated, 1965

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that in the 1840s and 50s, he advocated a homestead bill, the tenure of the office act, and the military reconstruction program to enforce political and social rights for southern blacks
  • Analyzes how lincoln didn't speak a negative word about johnson even when he arrived to the inauguration drunk while embarrassing himself, his family, and most of all lincoln.
  • Explains that andrew johnson, the 17th president, was born in raleigh, north carolina on december 29th, 1808. his mother, mary, worked hard as a seamstress and washerwoman.
  • Explains that president johnson continued to reconstruct the former confederate states while congress was not in session. the use of the presidential power was a big issue.
  • Explains that president johnson's most valuable achievement was the acquisition of alaska, which took a lot of effort, time and money. johnson also accomplished the reconstruction after the civil war and abolished slavery.
  • Opines that president johnson was impeached by the house of representatives in 1868 and acquitted in the senate. he carried out his term in an orderly manner.
  • Opines that the american people should be taught that treason is a crime and must be punished.
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