Andrew Jackson's Presidency

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After the War of 1812 was over a major battle in New Orleans occurred. This battle should never have taken place, however this event made Andrew Jackson famous for an astonishing victory over the British. In 1824 Jackson runs for president against John Quincy Adams. The war hero, Jackson, clearly won the campaign by popular vote. But he did not receive two thirds of the total electoral vote. Since Jackson and Adams were both so close in the election the House of Representatives had to choose the top three candidates. Henry Clay was the candidate which was left out, but, he was a speaker of the House and therefore had the power to have the election won by his favorite candidate. Clay only saw Adams as a correct choice as the new president. So Clay strikes up a deal with Adams, if Adams makes him the Secretary of State Clay will make Adams president. As shady as this seems it was not illegal. This event was the Corrupt Bargain of 1824. Adams won the election, but his presidency for the next four years was a failure. Andrew Jackson began his campaign for the election of 1828 right after Adams won in 1825. During the election of 1828 Jackson and Adams attack each others character and previous wrong doings. Both sides had brought mudslinging to a new low. However Jackson became the president during this election. Like most presidents before him, Jackson gave his friends jobs, spoils system was in effect. Jackson defended the spoils system by saying people in office should have the same ideas and thoughts so he Adams men had to go. Samuel Swartwout, one of Jackson's cronies, was a risky person to put into office. Jackson still put him into office as a sort of tax collector, Swartwout nine years later had stolen around 1 million dollars from the government. Adams felt the pain from tariffs and now Jackson felt it. Jacksonites had tried to pass a high tariff bill for Adams to deal with but the bill was not passed until 1828, and it landed right on Jackson's lap. This tariff was known as The Tariff of Abominations and the south hated it. South Carolinians took the lead in protesting against the tariff of 1828.
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