Ancient Greeks in the Hellenistic Age

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Ancient Greece has gone through many changes throughout history. The most notorious age was the Hellenistic Age but had many different ages leading up to it. The Bronze Age (3300-1150 B.C) was a period where the world saw major advances in social, economical, and technology that made Greece the hub of activity in the Mediterranean area. The Archaic Age (700-480 B.C.E) was a period when the Greeks repopulated and became more organized politically. This age was followed by the Classical Age (480-323 B.C.E) a period when Athens and Sparta dominated the Hellenic world with their cultural and historical achievements. The final Greek Age was the Hellenistic Age (323-30 B.C.E). This period was the transformation from localized city-states to an open, exuberant culture that stretched out across the entire Mediterranean, and southwest Asia. Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was primarily responsible for the expansion of Greece. Greece’s Hellenistic Age, during and after the death of Alexander the Great, contributed greatly to the expansion of Greek cultures and Greece.
The land of Greece occupied the southern portion of the Balkan Peninsula. It was covered with 75% mountains about 30% cultivatable lands. These mountains were a barrier for a trade and travel, and separated people from one another. Greece lacked raw materials, which made for sea travel. With a lot of sea travel Greeks found other lands and cultures. Greeks learned from Mesopotamia city-states that the most powerful city controlled the towns and villages. The technique of making cast copper came to Greece around 3000 B.C. and by 2500 B.C. the use of bronze became widespread throughout Greece. The Bronze Age marked a turning point in Greek social an...

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...stitution, a massive library. With the expansion and diversification of knowledge found a diversity of religious practices. Preexisting religions remained popular but also had emerging religions. One belief was the Egyptian goddess like Iris that could achieve popularity among Greeks. The Hebrew bible was also passed through Alexandria and had created Hellenized Jews and polytheism grew in Greece.
In conclusion Greece’s Hellenistic Age contributed to the expansion of Greece with Alexander the Great’s help. Alexander spread Greek culture throughout Egypt, eastern Mediterranean, and Asia. Throughout periods in Greek times there have been advances in art, literature, philosophy, architecture, metal and bronze, city-states, religions, and etc. Greek conquest expanded and spread Greek cultures and ways of life therefore making Greece a large empire with great influence.

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