Ancient Greek Research Paper

argumentative Essay
2005 words
2005 words

The ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations. The Egyptian civilization, based in the northern part of Africa, which started around 3150 BC and finished at the end of 31 BC. The ancient Greek started from 1100 BC until about 146 BC. There are several similarities and differences existed between these two civilizations, even though they co-existed during a period (about 1150 BC to 146 BC) Particularly, they were in different geographical areas.

Writing is one of the most significant developments of the ancient civilisation. Today, we could better understand the history of ancient Egypt and ancient Greece by analysis their writing system, because it could reflect several significant evidence …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Compares the ancient egyptian and ancient greek civilizations, and explains that they co-existed in different geographical areas.
  • Explains that writing is one of the most significant developments of ancient civilisation. we could better understand ancient egypt and ancient greece by analysing their writing system.
  • Explains that ancient egypt had four thousand years long history, from 3000 bc to the late first millennium ad.
  • Explains that hieroglyphs formed at the beginning of the old kingdom about 3000bc.
  • Explains that hieroglyphs were one of the earliest writing systems in the world, and the origin of them is essential to understand this language.
  • Explains that some of the depicted on rock images are also found on pottery vessels of early predynastic egypt, made during the naqada ii period.
  • Explains some of the depicted on naqada ii pottery are also found in rock images produced by prehistoric hunting communities living in the dessert.
  • Explains that ancient egyptians believed thoth was god of science, religion, philosophy, and the invention of language and writing is an important part of god's creation of a series of activities.
  • Explains that writing in the egyptian society was not only the writing of language but also the particular form of god given to the tools for the world.
  • Explains that the priest used hieroglyphs to write down prayers and texts related to life after death and the gods.
  • Explains that the book of the dead, a compilation of spells, and hieroglyphs were discovered on sarcophagi, tools and weapons, as well as jewels.
  • Explains that writing meant state service and brought with it state income. scribes were considered indispensable to the pharaohs.
  • Compares how ancient egyptians made ink by grinding coloured minerals into powder, then mixing the powder with liquid so that it was easier to use.
  • Explains that the greek alphabet was developed from the phoenician writing system in 2000 bc.
  • Explains that the greek used the phoenician alphabet and made a few changes. they changed the signs for which no consonantal equivalent was found and used it as an individual vowel sound
  • Explains that the greek alphabet has a smaller number of signs, which makes writing system more accessible than pictographic systems.
  • Analyzes herodotus' account about the producer of the greek alphabet. the phoenicians, including the gephyraians came with kadmos and settled this land, and they transmitted much lore to the hellenes.
  • Explains herodotus studied that cadmus might live sixteen years earlier in 2000 bc. he estimated the writing engraved on tripods in the temple of apollo at thebes.
  • Explains that the greek alphabet led to a series of improvement in greek society, especially the contribution of greek literature.
  • Concludes that ancient egypt was an enormous kingdom; it makes their society divide by different classes like a pyramid. the centralised politic environment caused serious impact on their culture and writing.

Who is a producer of the hieroglyph is a vital evidence? Unfortunately, the origin of the hieroglyphs is poorly understood. The surviving texts in the Egyptian language are written in the hieroglyphic script. However, during the excavation, the majority of the script were written on papyrus in hieratic and demotic, which are now lost. There was also a type of cursive hieroglyphic script used for religious documents on papyrus, as the Books of the Dead in the Ramesside Period, which was closer to the stone-carved hieroglyphs. Additionally, there was a stone-cut hieratic known as hieratic. Finally, the Coptic alphabet replaced the older writing system. The name for Egyptian hieroglyphic writing is "writing of the words of God." Hieroglyphs are applied in two ways in Egyptian texts: as ideograms that represent the idea depicted by the pictures; and commonly as phonograms denoting their phonetic …show more content…

Particularly, the contribution of Greek literature. During the Classic period, it witnessed a flourish in Greek literature. The Homeric Hymns was created with the Greek alphabet. Moreover, several Greek poets such as Hesiod, and Sappho. In 1963, anthropologists Jack Goody and Lan Watt published the article: The Consequences of Literacy Comparative Studies in Society and History. They argued that the flourish in Classic period mainly due to the application of new writing. It is a ‘’ democratic’’ script as opposite to the ‘’ theocratic’’ script in Egypt. The alphabet takes advantage of a socially-conventionalised pattern of sound in their language system.

In conclusion, both of two writing system were the major component of the ancient civilisation. Ancient Egypt was an enormous kingdom; it makes their society divide by different classes of people likes a pyramid. The centralised politic environment caused serious impact on their culture and writing that more involved in constructed great monumental building to Greece were democratic civilization and their Greek alphabet provided an equal opportunity for people to learn

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