Ancient Greek theatre is significant to theatre history due to the Great Dionysia, the actors, genres, and playwrights, and continues to impact modern theatre today. First, the Great Dionysia, also called City Dionysia, is where tragedy and comedy originated. It was a Greek festival celebrated in honor of the god of wine and fertility, Dionysus. These popular festivals were attended by all Athenian citizens. People all over the world traveled to Athens to attend the popular event.
Over the years, literature of ancient Greece and Rome has affected art, religion, philosophy, science and mathematics, medicine, drama, and poetry profoundly. It has served as a basic model for the development of later European literatures and, consequently, the writings of the historians, geographers, philosophers, scientists, and rhetoricians are read today as sources of historical information and enjoyment. Alfred Whitehead, the famous British philosopher-mathematician, once commented that: “[A]ll philosophy is but a footnote to Plato” (Comptons Encyclopedia). A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. The Greek world of thought was far ranging and ideas discussed today have been previously debated by ancient writers.
One of the more popular ways of delivering this message has been through plays. Theatre, having its start in Greece, has always been able to represent cultures beliefs; during Antiquity, Oedipus the King represents the polytheistic religion of the Grecian era, while Everyman represents the monotheistic religion of the Middle Ages. Oedipus the King was written during the reign of the Greeks, who were a polytheistic people. Lawall et al. writes, Not only did the great characters of the epic serve as models of conduct for later generations of Greeks, but the figures of the Olympian gods retained, in the prayers, poems, and sculpture of the succeeding centuries, the shapes and attributes set down by Homer.
Tragedies in Greece were plays that showed disasters, just like in modern societies. Comedies were plays that mocked Greek people and customs. These types of play formats were passed ... ... middle of paper ... ...still taught today in Western societies. The ancient Greek civilizations contributed and influenced Western thought. The ancient Greeks have made many contributions to Western civilization in the areas of literature and theatre, architecture, and philosophy.
They added other gods and some hero’s that made a name for themselves within the temple. As more time passed they added more actors, choruses, masks and costumes as a way to grab the audience’s attention and participation. Theater was first seen by ancient Greece before it spread all throughout western civilization. For the Greeks it was more than a culture, it was how they worshipped the gods. The three great playwrights changed theater for the better by introducing multiple characters, by adding drama and irony to the stage and by utilizing props such as masks and costumes; from the work they have done only some remains, but the pieces that remain show the depth and creativeness of the Greek theater.
The Greek culture was obviously the most influential out of us three and it will always be.” He then addressed the crowd and started off by mentioning Greek architecture. The Parthenon is the most important symbol of Greece’s cultural image. The temple was created to worship the Greek goddess Athena, which establishes their religious beliefs at the time. Pericles looked at Augustus Caesar and said ,“It’s stylistic conventions have become the standard of Classical architecture, and its style has influenced architecture for many centuries after it was built, including the Pantheon.” Numerous modern day buildings have adapted a Classical style. Even today, the Greeks look back at the building as a unique symbol of Greek cultural power.
Web. 10 Nov. 2015. Although many cultures in the modern day have their own preferences in way to perform theater, tragedy and comedy was started by the Greek. The Greek mainly perform stories considered to be myth. The most common plays were comedies and tragedies.
There is no denying the fact that theatre is truly a link between all civilizations it comes in many forms spiritual rituals, storytelling, hymns, odes, and performances. It has been utilized during the many downfalls of civilizations as a means of communication and was truly shaped by the Greeks. The origins of theatre can be traced back to the Greeks as a religious ritual to their gods, to their implementations of the technical aspects of theatre, through their plays and also through the actual stages that they constructed. These aspects have proven to have a lasting effect even into todays society and without the Greeks influence on theatre, theatre as we know it, would cease to exist (Schanker and Ommanney 298). The origins of Greek drama began as a religious ritual to honor their gods although the one most noted is the Greek god Dionysus god of wine fertility and revelry (Wilson and Goldfarb).
Kenneth Jacobs-DeLeon Dr. Warnes Humanities 01 22 July, 2015 Theaters Influence The Greeks were known for many things such as their mythology, architectural beauty and their democracy, but the most interesting thing they were known for was their theater. The theater was perhaps their best form of entertainment that the Greeks had encountered and has lived on from ancient times to modern day, completely affecting just about everything that we do related to entertainment. The way that the Theater was built is still a commonly used blueprint for today’s seating arrangements. There are also several Greek tragedies and comedies that are reenacted today by Colleges and art schools that came from some of the most marvelous and entertaining men of
With beautiful statues, well designed buildings, and some of the greatest philosophers came from Rome. One of the most noticeable characteristics of Roman society and culture is the impact of the Greeks. Greek civilization played an increasing role in Roman culture. Greek ambassadors, merchants, and artists traveled to Rome and spread Greek thought and practices. After Rome's conquest of the Hellenistic Kingdoms, Roman military commanders shipped Greek art and ancient manuscript back to Rome.