The Persians then marched to Athens for revenge. The Greeks defeated the Persian Navy at the battle of Salamis that same year proved to be turning point in the conflict and Xerxes withdrew most of his men in Asia. The finale battle of the Persian War was near Plataea in 479 B.C with Greeks winning. In 477 B.C, the Delian League was formed. The members were Greek city-states, who band together to protect themselves against future threats by the Persian Empire.
The following year, Athens simply took over a second Corinthian colony. Corinth, an ally of Sparta, asked for help in halting the Athenian aggression. This, combined with an Athenian embargo on commerce from a different Spartan ally, led to negotiations to mediate the dispute. When negotiations failed, Sparta declared war on Athens. From 431 to 425 BC... ... middle of paper ... ...med control of all Greek states in Asia and the rest became autonomous.
After this Darius began a plan to conquer Greece after the support they sent the Ionian revolt. In 490BC Darius sent a fleet to conquer the Cyclades, and then attack Athens and Eretria. Quickly conquering the Eretria, the Persians burned th... ... middle of paper ... ...reeks halted though and turned and began to fight the pursuing Persians. Mardonius was killed in this attack leading to disorder among the Persian lines. Without the Athenian stand, the battle along with the victory would not have been possible at Plataea.
), who centralized the kingdom with a system of roads and forts; he also fostered the Hellenization of his people by inviting famous Greek artists, Euripides among them, to his court. Few regions gave much thought to Macedonia. The area was so primitive that it seemed to belong to another age- it was a rude, brawling, heavy-drinking country of dour peasants and landowning warriors. The language was Greek, but so tainted by barbarian strains that Athenians could not understand it. Macedonia remained an outland.
However, once this common enemy was defeated, Sparta and Athens began to become great rivals vying for control of Greece. This resulted in the First and Second Peloponnesian Wars, which saw the rise and fall of the Athenian Empire. Sparta eventually rose to be the victor with the assistance of their former enemy Persia, but the era city-states would not live on for very much longer. The Peloponnesian Wars should be studied, because it details the rise and fall of one of the greatest city-states in Greek history.
Also called Persian Wars, they were a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia for half a century. Persians slowly conquered the small Greek city-states along the Anatolian coast since they were the closest to them. In 500 BCE the Greek city-states on the western coast of Anatolia rose up in rebellion against Persia. This uprising, known as the Ionian revolt, failed miserably. Athens and Eretria had sent a small fleet in support of the revolt, which the king of Persia took as an excuse for launching a full assault on the Greek mainland.
The initial organization of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations were as close to unification as Greek history allowed until the Macedonians arrived. However, these successful civilizations were not Greek but situated themselves on what became Greece and merely demonstrated a slight similarity in language. After the fall of the Mycenaean civilization, Greeks entered though disorganized and independent. The appearance of the polis united Greek-speaking people though its initial use was not for such. The Greek poleis was a community of relatives who worshipped gods in ceremonies and formed republics dominated by the nobility through its councils of nobles and eventually distinguished monarchy (80-81).
In 431 BCE a war broke out that lasted until 404 BCE with the collapse of Athens and the conquest of Sparta. After being passed down the thrown from his father, Alexander “the Great” quickly strengthened his power and then led a united Greece in a revengeful war and win against the Persians. Alexander did not live long enough to consolidate his empire. His generals, though, did divide the lands among themselves. Egypt became rich and powerful.
The Peloponnesian War Kevin Garcia Humanities Greek and Roman Educator Lorenz Old Greece in 431 BC was not a country. It was a vast accumulation of opponent city-states placed on the Greek territory, on the west shoreline of Asia Minor, and on the numerous islands of the Aegean Sea. The greater part of the city states had gotten to be unified with one or the other of the main military forces which were Athens and Sparta. Athens was an extraordinary maritime force, while Sparta depended principally on its armed force for predominance. In 431 BC these collusions went to war against one another in a clash called the Peloponnesian War.
A mighty Persian fleet set sail for Greece, but met disaster in ferocious storms off the cape of Mount Athos in 492 B.C. Darius sent another force in 490 B.C. Accompanying Darius was Hippias, a former despot of Athens who was exiled in 510 B.C. Hippias maintained some support in Athens and hoped to once again rule the city, despite his age of 80. On this occasion the Persians sacked Eretria and moved into the bay of Marathon to strike Athens.