Ancient Egypt : The History And Development Of The Ancient World

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In the south-western section of the area known as the Fertile Crescent, a civilization arose around 3500 BC. Known by most for their enormous works of construction, the pyramids, this civilization called the Egyptians, contributed largely to ancient society and the general development of the human race. Centralized around the Nile River, this civilization rose and fell, experience triumphs and catastrophes, and gradually created a legacy for themselves which we still remember and study today. The history of the ancient Egyptian civilization consists of five eras: the Pre-Dynastic period, the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, the Hyksos Era, and the New Kingdom. The first era of the ancient Egyptian civilization is the Pre-Dynastic period. As the name might suggest, this period came before dynastic rule was established in ancient Egypt. During this early period, the ancient Egyptians mastered herding, agriculture, and inter-community trade. The Pre-Dynastic communities were centered around the Nile River, the flooding of which provided for rich, fertile soil on and near its banks. Originating from modern-day Sudan, its two major tributaries, the “White Nile” and the “Blue Nile”, along with the main Nile River aided trade, making transportation quicker and more efficient. Unified by the Nile River, the Egyptians created their own language, religion, and economy. Lasting for approximately 1000 years, the Pre-Dynastic period Egyptians developed their own culture, beginning as small, autonomous communities and evolving into a powerful, unified civilization with control centered around the Nile River. The emergence of a strong, unified, and centralized government marks the beginning of the second era in the ancient Egyptians civili... ... middle of paper ... ...res and assimilating it. However, over time, Egypt weakened internally due to corruption, civil unrest, and foreign invasion. Eventually, invasions by the Sea People, the Assyrians, and the Berbers led to the overthrow of the New Kingdom and the end of ancient Egypt as a free state. In conclusion, as a civilization emerging soon after the Sumerians, the ancient Egyptians developed many new concepts and technologies. They developed their own system of hieroglyphics, their own religion, and ultimately, their own culture. They left the pyramids as a reminder of the grandeur of Egyptian society and accomplishments. To have a proper understanding of ancient Egyptian civilization, one must realize that the history of the ancient Egyptian civilization consists of five eras: the Pre-Dynastic period, the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, the Hyksos Era, and the New Kingdom.
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