Teeter, Emily. "Ancient Egyptian Society and Family Life." Egypt and the Egyptians. By Douglas J. Brewer.
Jermel Stuart Instructor Stein ANT 3241001 4/19/14 Egyptian Culture Ancient Egypt is one of the oldest and most influential civilizations in the world. They were considered a utopia because of the advances they were able to make, It was advance for its time, because the advances in architecture, medicine, agriculture and etc. Still to this day, it’s a mystery how they were able to construct the pyramids. The Egyptians relied on the land for their existence; they made deities that represented the things they relied on for existence. This in turn made them a polytheistic culture.
For the Egyptians, art was made to serve a particular purpose, usually a religious one. Religious beliefs largely dictated what artists created, especially the paintings that filled Egyptian temples and tombs. Temples were decorated with paintings and filled with statues of gods and kings in the belief that doing this served the gods, showed devotion to the king, and maintained the order of the universe. The Egyptian belief in life after death was perhaps the most important part of their culture and probably helped to stabilize their society for so many centuries. The laws and rules of code the ancient Egyptian’s lived by daily also helped them to understand the seemingly ambiguous nature in The Tale of Sinuhe (1875 BC).
Archaeological evidence of funerary customs show that religion was an integral part of Egyptian culture. The Pyramid Texts indicated that the Egyptians believed an individual’s soul had many aspects that continued after death, which consisted of the ba, akh and ka. The ba represents the individual’s alter ego which would travel outside the tomb, whereas the akh reflects the ‘intermediary between the living and the dead’. The ka was believed to be the individual’s twin in which their personality is represented. This strongly implicates that the ancient Egyptian civilisation believed in a spiral realm.
The funerary rituals introduced by the Egyptians were the most intricate, spiritual rites in their times and, perhaps, even to this day. Their elaborate customs, tombs, and gifts to the dead were representative of their pious, devoted nature. Albeit not all were as imposing as the oldest and still remaining Seven Wonder of the World, the Pyramids of Giza, all were meaningful and sacred. The Egyptians, highly reverent of their dead, adopted ornate, religious burial practices to fit to every member of their society. The grandeur with which Egyptians regarded their funerary customs does not come without explanation.
The object of this paper is to look at the personal aspect of Egyptian religion in the workmen’s village of Deir el-Medina. The village was known by the ancient name set maat, “The Place of Truth”, and, the workers who resided there were called “servants” in The Place of Truth”. The Pharaoh Amenhotep I and his mother Ahmose Nefertari were patrons of the village. According to Pinch, religion was of great significance to the villagers, and much of what we know regarding personal, religious practices in ancient Egypt; has come from this site. Artefacts and New Kingdom literature have been found in abundance during excavations.
As for Egypt the lawgivers were the gods, ruling through the pharaoh. In Egypt the pharaohs were seen as living gods therefore the Egyptians worshipped their pharaohs as gods. In both civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt religion was implanted in the social and personal life of the people. Which they also build temples that they worshipped. Religious laws and duties were crucial to the day-to-day life of the people to their social spot.
The Nile gave them water for growing well and healthy crops, clean drinking water, sailing and trade. The Ancient Egyptians were people who were religious and they worshiped many gods and goddesses. The king of their gods was the Sun god, Re. Also, the Egyptians also believed their Pharaoh was a god, as well as their ruler. Throughout the land, Egyptians built shrines, statues, and temples that were ment and dedicated to their Pharaohs, gods, and goddesses.
Pharaohs were the supreme rulers of Ancient Egypt. The earliest pharaohs were believed to be gods and later pharaohs were descendants of gods. Keeping the gods happy meant happy lives for the Egyptians (Kennett 4). This was one of the reasons people gave gifts to the pharaoh. It was one of the duties of the pharaohs to celebrate the gods and remind the people of their religion (Kennet 4).
Casson, Lionel. Ancient Egypt. New York: Time Incorporated, 1965. Editors of Time-Life Books. Egypt: Land of the Pharaohs.