2: 19-32. Jackson, Robert M., ed. Sociology: Social Foundations of Public Issues. New York: McGraw- Hill, 2003. Mooney, Brian C. “Democrats Shift on Death Penalty.” Boston Globe 7 December 2003: A12.
Nevertheless, capital punishment has been a part of human history and will always continue to be a controversy and a debate. (Bedau) The purpose for my writing is to figure out what causes and effects come from the use of capital punishment. Advocators believe that the death penalty deters murder and it’s a good tool for prosecutors. Also, it makes sure that the convicted felons don’t murder again thus being a just penalty for child murders, serial killers or torture murders. On the other hand, opponents argue that we don’t have the power to take another human being’s life; so it encourages a culture of violence that violates our human rights.
The people of the early 1900’s developed new ways of performing the death penalty, such as the electric chair and later lethal injection. This new approach to an old punishment brought the rate in which it was used up. In the 60’s, along with civil rights, humanity focused in on the issue of ‘cruel and unusual punishment’ and the decline in support began for capitol punishment worldwide. In the United States, limitations on the use of this method of execution began to be instated by the consent of each of the states, one of the first cases being U.S. vs. Jackson. Today the world seems to be split on this issue, grasping for an alternative method of fighting crime.
Despite U.S. Supreme Court rulings to the contrary, many death penalty opponents consider capital punishment in and of itself to be cruel and unusual. They believe the death penalty to be a barbarous practice that should be discarded. Specific methods of execution also frequently come under attack as violating the Eighth Amendment. Death penalty advocates counter that the framers of the Constitution took capital punishment for granted, and did not consider it cruel and unusual. Some proponents of the death penalty believe some methods of execution, such as lethal injection, are more humane than others.
For instance, Mocan and Gittings (2003) take time to investigate this theory by including the effects of commutation, prison deaths, and acquittals on the rate of crime. In addition to Adler and Summers’ (2007) findings, they assert that both commutation and acquittal of prisoners lead to additional cases of homicide in the United States. Consequently, capital punishment is regarded as a necessary procedure for saving the lives of innocent citizens. However, many people, including United States former president, George Bush, caution that capital punishment should not be used as a way of seeking revenge. Instea... ... middle of paper ... ... Works Cited Adler, R. D., & Summers, M. (2007).
When remarking on the issue of capital punishment, Henry Ford was quoted as saying that “[c]apital punishment is as fundamentally wrong as a cure for crime as charity is wrong as a cure for poverty”(“Henry Ford”). His comment, while not saying that capital punishment and charity does not have the right idea about how to deal with the issues that plague societies, it does say that it does not properly address the issue so that it can be completely solved. While portrayed as the solution for to stop those thinking about committing serious offenses, this does not seemed to be the case at all. Capital punishment does not deter nor solve the issues that it is meant to deal with and instead creates more. In this paper, it will go over a brief history of capital punishment, the current state of capital punishment in the United States and what the outlook for it is.
American Civil Liberties Union, 26 Feb. 2003. Web. 4 May 2014. Reggio, Micheal H. “History of Death Penalty.” Society’s Final Solution: A History and Discussion of the Death Penalty. Ed.
“Capital Punishment Life or Death.” 2 Nov. 2004. “Debate Over Capital Punishment- A Pro Stance.” 2 Nov. 2004. Hood, Rodger. The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Ultimate Punishment: A Lawyer's Reflections on Dealing with the Death Penalty. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2003. Print.
Web.  Schweikart, Larry, and Michael Allen. A Patriot's History of the United States: from Columbus's Great Discovery to the War on Terror. Reno, NV: Sentinel, 2004. Print.