George Orwell’s novel Animal Farm is a great example of allegory and political satire. The novel was written to criticize totalitarian regimes and particularly Stalin's corrupt rule in Russia. In the first chapter Orwell gives his reasons for writing the story and what he hopes it will accomplish. It also gives reference to the farm and how it relates to the conflicts of the Russian revolution. The characters, settings, and the plot were written to describe the social upheaval during that period of time and also to prove that the good nature of true communism can be turned into something atrocious by an idea as simple as greed.
Zamyatin used the novel as a mouthpiece of his political ideologies through the satire on the control of the one state. In doing so, he demonstrates the soviet Russia has blinded of freedom through the use of fear such as the Cheka.
Youngsters are taught not to trust others around them and lie as a way of being. In the famously acclaimed novel Crime & Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Raskolnikov’s struggling internal conflicts portray his sudden epiphany of truth that changes his native ethical beliefs. Dostoevsky conveys Raskolnikov’s ongoing punishment to further exemplify a grander theme present in today’s world: the struggle of being human. In 1860s Russia, major changes took place. Serfdom came to an end and drastic economic reforms were implemented.
Svidrigaylov discloses his moral hypocrisy as he comments, “No, I’m talking about the fact that you keep on moaning and moaning now. Every moment one sees the Schiller in you.” As K.Mochulsky comments Svidrigaylov, Raskolnikov’s ‘dark and somber double’ has his own ‘conscience to step over certain obstacles” Porfiry Petrovich further strengthens the idea that the criminal is betrayed by “nature” as isolation from the human family feeds into the artist in Raskolnikov. Sergei V. Belov makes an apointe observation as he comments that “the struggle between the conscience protesting against the bloodshed and the reason justifyinv the same is what constitutes the spiritual drama of Raskolnikov.” Even his confession in his opinion suggests not that his theory is false but that, he himself turned out to be an ordinary human being subject to the moral law, “I spent so many days tormenting myself: would Napoleon have gone [to confess], or not? I felt clearly that I was not Napoleon…” Dostoevsky clearly mentions in his letter to M. N. Katkov that his story makes an “allusion to the idea that the punishment meted out by the law to the criminal deters the criminal far less than the lawgivers think, because he himself requires it
Tolstoy began the story with chapter one, with the death of Ivan Ilyich and the narration of Pyotr Ivanovich, a close friend of Ivan’s. As demonstrated in the first chapter, there are evident flaws to the society that the two lived in. Pyotr’s narration suggests to the reader the materialistic, and selfish motives that individuals in the society possessed. Furthermore, the reader understands that individuals of this materialistic society sought to obtain pleasantness and propriety for their lives. In addition, the reader understands that individuals of this society are conformists, concerned wholly with the image they portray of themselves to society.
Throughout this journey he embarked upon is allegorized in his novel, Crime and Punishment, in which Dostoevsky illustrates the negative repercussions of western ideals, in order to prove that such ideals must be... ... middle of paper ... ... of Lebeziatnikov. Lebeziatnikov’s socialist and nihilistic ideals represent exactly what Dostoevsky rejected and the portrayal of his idiotic character is utilized to negate the western ideals of Marxism and nihilism. Dostoevsky illustrates the negative repercussions of western ideals, thus negating the status quo of the 19th Century Russia in order to prove that such ideals must be eradicated through his novel Crime and Punishment. As Cornelius rebelled against the atrocious trend of the eye piercing Crocs, Dostoevsky strongly negated the Western ideals of utilitarianism, the Ubermench Theory, nihilism, and Marxism. Dostoevsky’s allegorized the events occurring in Russia in the mid 1800’s within Crime and Punishment to better explain the harmful effects of accepting these common philosophies to his fellow peers.
Notes From Underground by Fyodor Dostoevsky is the reflection of a fictional unnamed character who has alienated himself from society. His self-inflicted separation is an effect of his honest values, masochistic tendencies, and profound self-consciousness. His philosophies clash violently with the utilitarian and materialistic ideologies of 19th century Russia, and he lives in seclusion to isolate himself from these contradictory beliefs. He reviles the narrow mindedness of his fellow man while addressing his multitudinous shortcomings and idiosyncrasies. A powerful dichotomy is created between the narrator and Russian society, highlighting the cultural aspects Dostoevsky wished to criticize.
Geroge Orwell “One of the things Orwell bequeathed us was the adjective ‘Orwellian’…. It is a frightening word, generally applied to a society organized to crush and dehumanize the individual, sometimes signifying the alienation of that individual if he dares to rebel” (Lewis 13). George Orwell, the pseudonym for Eric Arthur Blair, depicted the importance of the individual in society and the danger of too much community in his literature. Through his personal experiences, however, he explored the ideas of socialism and was torn between the individual and community ideals. In his literature and his past, Orwell spoke against movements that remove the individual, but still emphasized the importance of community.
He also criticized the other government of the world for failing to aid Russia in its quest for a better system. Gogol used his creative mind and his writing abilities to speak out against the evils of the Russian government. He used symbolism to prove his points, and often risked exile by his own government for expressing such radical views. Many different objects in The Overcoat can be mirrored with the objects of true life. Everything from Akaky Akakyevitch's coat, to his administrator is used by Gogol to symbolize the situation of Russia during Gogol's time.
An Inspector Calls Discuss the presentation of the character Arthur Birling in Act One of ‘An Inspector Calls’. The playwright of ‘An Inspector Calls’, J B Priestley, uses Arthur Birling, a stereotypical man of the right wing conservativism, as propaganda against the right-wing social and political views. Conservativism is a political orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes. Propaganda makes use of stereotypes to prejudice the audience against a particular political viewpoint which is contrary to the point of view of the propagandist. He uses Birling to prejudice the audience, likely to be the younger generation and the working class, against people like Birling himself i.e.