Analysis of the Situation in Syria

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In this paper I will analyze the situation going on in Syria. I will look at the political situation, the history of Syria’s leaders, decisions made in Syria by its leaders, and study the current situation related to public opinion, international opinion, and the actions of the current President Bashar al-Assad.

President Bashar al-Assad is the current president of Syria. Prior to Bashar al-Assad gaining power in Syria, his father Hafez al-Assad, was the president. His father ruled Syria for over 30 years. Before his father gained power, there were attempts of many coups during the 1950s and 1960s changing leadership many times until his father successfully led a military coup in the 1970s. Hafez al-Assad was an Alawite Muslim, but because he was not the right kind of Muslim, it created many political conflicts in Syria. The Alawite Muslims were the minority, while the majority of Muslims were Sunni Muslim. Based off of this, Syrian constitution stated that the President must be a Sunni Muslim, but the leadership of Syria was an Alawite Muslim, a situation the general population did not like. It appears this public opinion was a major factor in President Bashar’s decision making.

Between 1976 and 1982, a Sunni Muslim group, called the Muslim Brotherhood, turned to revolt against Hafez and the government, with many attempts to assassinate him. Because of this threat and thinking of a way to deter rebellion, Rifaat al-Assad, brother of Hafez, ordered and killed 1,200 Muslim Brotherhood prisoners in 1980. This did little to stop rebellion. So in order to halt a rebellion, the Syrian army massacred thousands of additional civilians and members of the Muslim Brotherhood. (Oomer, 2013)

Bashar al-Assad gained power in 2...

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... his torture and killing of Syrian citizens, to the result of them accepting large numbers of refugees to their countries. This policy of accepting refugees is accepted by NATO. The estimate of refuges in other countries surrounding Syria is likely to approach 2.5 million. With Lebanon, Jordan, and Turkey taking in 600,000 or more refuges (Euronews, 2014). With such a large increase of refuges, it is hard to say that Bashar al-Assad is taking steps forward, but there have recently been developments of an agreement that would allow an inspection of Syria’s chemical weapons and eventual destruction of such weapons. The goal of this agreement is to not only protect those in Syria but also, countries that are neighboring Syria. It is believed that the threat of military action from the United States pushed the start of this agreement (Gearan & Wilson, 2013).
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