Analysis of the American Civil War

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Final Civil War Essay Analysis Slavery was the most important cause of the Civil War, because this single issue divided the North and South to begin with. The ideological differences between the North and South led to economic differences, conflicts over newly acquired territories, disputes over the constitution, and political extremism. The Election of 1860 was the culmination of these disputes and caused the South to secede in 1861 and guided the way towards the Civil War. The Northern states had a largely industrial economy. The coastal states were filled with port cities to ship out manufactured goods to other places around the world. Capitalism was in full swing, with all sorts of factories popping up everywhere. The industrial strength of the North ended up being its greatest strength throughout the entire Civil War. The labor supply of the North, and the amount of goods they produced, were unmatched by any other country in the world. The north tried to protect all of its newly acquired industries, especially the textile factories. So when the South attempted to trade its largest export, cotton, to Britain for textiles and other manufactured goods, the North, with twice the population and more influence in federal policy making, placed tariffs on the British goods being imported to the United States. The South felt this was a violation of their rights. The Southern States had a much smaller, rural economy, King Cotton. The South was built on a foundation of farming, plantations, and cotton production. They also had a smaller population, and as a result, a smaller labor force. With fewer workers and a more labor intensive farming economy, they were left only one option, slavery. In 1800 the South had around 1 mill... ... middle of paper ... ... the Constitutional Union party. Lincoln's victory was the cause for secession of South Carolina on December, 20, 1860. Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas followed South Carolina’s footsteps, seceding immediately after. The new Confederate government under President Jefferson Davis and South Carolina were very determined to defeat the Federals. Through all of the political affairs, territorial disputes, economic differences, and Election of 1860, slavery seems to play a part in each of these decisions. Everything comes back to the issue of slavery in the end. Attempting every possible way to resolve this reoccurring issue never seemed to work well enough to benefit both sides. Eventually, due to all of the disagreement and debate, slavery initiated the Civil War, the single most important and horrific war in United States history.

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