The Role of International Law Concerning Deforestation and Desertification The surface of the earth is, in a sense, its skin-a thin but crucial layer protecting the rest of the planet contained within it. Far more than a simple boundary, it interacts in complex ways with the volatile atmosphere above and the raw earth below. It may seem hard to imagine it as a critical component of the ecological balance, but in fact, the health of the earth’s surface is vital to the health of the global environment as a whole. ~Al Gore Deforestation and Desertification. These lucrative concepts echo throughout the environmental movement both past and present.
“A Skeptical Twist: Look to the marketplace for sustainable solutions.” EPA Journal Sept./Oct. 1992: 54-56. Smith, Chris. “Greening the Economy.” New Statesman & Society 16 Feb. 1996: 26-27. Smith, Fred L., Jr. “Sustainable Development--A Free-Market Perspec.tive.” Environmental Affairs Law Review Winter 1994: 297-309 Stern, David I., Michael S. Common, and Edward B. Barbier.
It also moves from a rather anthropocentric view to more emphasisation on natural environment and the relationship between human and environment, which on the way to sustainable world. However, there are also some controversy has been generated, an inherently generated issue about justice is illustrated here. Origin and Expansion of Environmental Justice Environmental justice was primarily emerged in USA, which was raised from a campaign against the imposition of toxic and pollutants in a minority community. At the early stage, environmental justice was simply referred to the distributive justice, specifically, inequity distribution of environmental risk (Schlosberg, 2013). Particularly, the environmental impacts and risks are always disproportionately distributed into the poor and minority communities, which also indicate an early focus: racism in the environmental justice (Cole& Foster, 2001; Mohai, Pellow, &Timmins, 2009).
Alternatives to deforestation : steps toward sustainable use of the Amazon rain forest , editor. New York : Columbia University Press, 1990. 6. Auty, Richard, M. Approaches to sustainable development , edited by Katrina Brown. London ; New York : Pinter, 1997.
The burning of fossil fuels and cutting down of natural resources like forests has naturally offset a number of environmental problems. In today’s world, environmental problems cannot be overlooked as it is going to affect the present and future of mankind’s survival. The continuity of human civilization greatly depends on the health of the environment. In this research essay, I am going to state the contemporary environmental problems that the world faces. By describing ecologism, this research essay will specify why ecologism provides the best path for tackling environmental problems in the contemporary world by elaborating on specific branches of environmentalism and why other frameworks like liberalism and capitalism are not the best path to protect the environment and tackle environmental problems.
Out of the Woods: Essays in Environmental History. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997. - Kassman, Kenn. Envisioning Ecotopia: The U.S. Green Movement and the Politics of Radical Social Change. Westport: Praeger, 1997.
A human induced global ecological crisis is occurring, threatening the stability of this earth and its inhabitants. The best path to address environmental issues both effectively and morally is a dilemma that raises concerns over which political values are needed to stop the deterioration of the natural environment. Climate change; depletion of resources; overpopulation; rising sea levels; pollution; extinction of species is just to mention a few of the damages that are occurring. The variety of environmental issues and who and how they affect people and other species is varied, however the nature of environmental issues has the potential to cause great devastation. The ecological crisis we face has been caused through anthropocentric behavior that is advantageous to humans, but whether or not anthropocentric attitudes can solve environmental issues effectively is up for debate.
Legislation aimed at protecting New Zealand’s environment and natural resources has been through countless reforms to better tailor it to the various discourses that surround environmental management. In Simin Davoudi’s (2012) reading “Climate Risk and Security: New Meanings of “the Environment” in the English Planning System”, Davoudi discusses that environment can be seen in various different ways, as local amenity, heritage ,landscape ,nature reserve, as a store house of resources, as a tradable commodity, as a problem, as sustainability and as a risk (Davoudi, 2012). Although, Davoudi’s typology relates to aspects of New Zealand’s environmental management paradigms, it fails to include some important aspects such as indigenous and community inclusion. Davoudi’s (2012) typology can provide for future guidance in the discourse surrounding environment as risk. Davoudi’s (2012) environmental management typology discusses eight distinct meanings of environment that are incorporated into the planning system of today.