Over the course of his sixty-seven years, Johnson was the first African American admitted to the Florida bar since the end of Reconstruction; the co-composer (with his brother John Rosamond) of 'Lift Every Voice and Sing,' the song that would later become known as the Negro National Anthem; field secretary in the NAACP; journalist; publisher; diplomat; educator; translator; librettist; anthologist; and English professor; in addition to being a well-known poet and novelist and one of the prime movers of the Harlem Renaissance. As the first son of James Johnson and the former Helen Louise Dillet, James Weldon inherited his forebears' combination of industrious energy and public-mindedness, as demonstrated by his maternal grandfathers long life in public service in the Bahamas, where he served in the House of Assembly for thirty years.
Richard Wright Poet, journalist, essayist, and novelist Richard Wright developed from an uneducated Southerner to one of the most cosmopolitan, politically active writers in American literature. In many of Richard Wright's works, he exemplifies his own life and proves to “white” America that African American literature should be taken seriously. Before Wright, “white” America failed to acknowledge the role African American writing played in shaping American culture. It was shocking in itself that an African American could write at all. Thus, Richard Wright is well known as the father of African American literature mainly because of his ability to challenge the literary stereotypes given to African Americans.
Maroons are African American slaves who defended their freedom from British and Spanish invaders. Garvey had to itemize his pride in the unmixed African heritage of his parents. Marcus grew up and received little education in Jamaica, so he was largely self-taught. At age 14 Marcus had to find work in a print shop to help out his family. Marcus began to doubt the value of trade union after he was involved the first printers strike of 1907.
He then attended New York University where he became known as a poet. At New York University, he won the National Writter Bynner Contest for poetry and also contest sponsored by Poetry magazine's John Reed Memorial Prize. That is when he became noticed by Harvard's Irving Babbitt for The Ballad of the Brown Girl.... ... middle of paper ... ...he theme of the poem is that no matter how young or old you are you are still a subject to racism think what happens in your childhood affects who you are in the future. Countee Cullen experienced racism at age eight from a white kid who was not much older than him. This most definitely shaped how he viewed whites in general.
He is known as one of the best civil rights leaders for the African American people in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. Booker began his life as a slave for the Burroughs family. He was born in Franklin Co., Virginia around the year 1858 or 1859, he was not sure exactly when he was born because there was never any paper work kept on slaves. His mo... ... middle of paper ... ...to be equally educated. His speeches not only attracted the black people but also, northern and southern white people.
Hurston was criticized for using dialect, being a "sensual" writer and writing for the mainstream (white) society. Her writing was unlike Wright's, whom Henry Louis Gates, Jr. calls "Hurston's dominant black male contemporary and rival" (188). Richard Wright was born in 1908 in Mississippi and describes his childhood an autobiographical novel he published in 1945, Black Boy. Wright grew up in the racially charged South and sought to quench the physical hunger he has felt since his father abandoned the family and the spiritual hunger that he was unable to find even though his grandmother was very religious. This hunger, whether tangible or not, led him on a journey... ... middle of paper ... ...cs such as goodness, humility, love, or kindness.
Although it considered as an African American literary movement, the Harlem Renaissance is way beyond the fine arts music, books, dance and poetry. Those arts are representations of creative minds to influence the every corner of the current society, also for those people who are black they could abolished the title “ Slaves” . There were three quarter of million Americans escaped to the North due to the economic depression during the early 20th century. They migrated to the North in a extremly desparate attempt to to find better jobs and the society which was more tolerant racially. There were 175000 African American moved to New York City.
His father moved to Mexico and Langston was raised by his grandmother until he was thirteen. At this young age he began his career as a writer. At the end of his grammar school days he was elected class poet. He was not elected because of a great ability to write, but because he was black, blacks have rhythm and poetry needs rhythm. [Meltzer] Nonetheless, this position would give way to a great career as a writer.
He was the great-great-grandson of Charles Henry Langston, brother of John Mercer Langston, who was the first Black American to be elected to public office, in 1855. Hughes attended Central High School in Cleveland, Ohio, but began writing poetry in the eighth grade, and was selected as class poet. His father didn't think he would be able to make a living at writing, and encouraged him to pursue a more realistic career. Hughes tried to study engineering at Columbia University, but lost interest and continued to develop his poetry. His first published poem was also one of his most famous, "The Negro Speaks of Rivers", and it appeared in Brownie's Book.
It was obvious to Langston he would be a writer. He dropped out of Columbia University against his father's wishes where he had maintained a B+ average. He then put his ideas on paper and was immediately praised. He was the voice of the black community in a time of segregation and racism. He challenged society's definition of equality and brought attention to the treatment of the black man in America.