Analysis of “The Raven”

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Noted for its supernatural atmosphere and musically rhythmic tone, “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe was first published in 1845. Once published, “The Raven” made Edgar Allan Poe widely popular, although he did not flourish financially. Poe received a large amount of attention from critics, who not only interpreted, but critiqued his work. He claimed to have structured the poem logically and systematically, so that the poem would appeal to not only critical tastes, but popular as well. The writing of the poem is like no other. The mysterious mood it conveys and deep meaning take you beyond the text into an almost nightmare-like illusion. Poe claimed that the poem was inspired by a talking raven in Barnaby Rudge: A Tale of the Riots of Eighty by Charles Dickens. It is also noted that Poe used the intricate rhythm and meter of Elizabeth Barrett’s poem “Lady Geraldine’s Courtship” in making the internal rhyme as well as alliteration. What really makes the poem so powerful are the elements Poe uses. First he sets the scene, “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore-…” already it’s clear that it is late at night and a man is weak and tired trying to ease his sorrow by reading old books of “forgotten lore” (DiYanni 1173). Then the poem goes on to tell that there is a tapping at his chamber door. When he opens the door he is surprised to find, “Darkness there and nothing more” (1173). He whispers into the darkness “Lenore,” hoping that his lost love had returned, but all that was heard was, “an echo [that] murmured back the word, ‘Lenore!’”(1173). Angered and perplexed, he turns back into his chamber, suddenly there is a loud tapping at the window lattice. H... ... middle of paper ... ...Cited DiYanni, Robert. "Chapter Seventeen, The Raven." Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. 6th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2007. 1173-175. Print. Magistrale, Tony. "The Art of Poetry." Student Companion to Edgar Allan Poe. Westport, Conn. ;London: Greenwood, 2001. 39-41. Print. Meltzer, Milton. ""The Raven" - and Fame." Edgar Allan Poe: a Biography. Brookfield, CT: Twenty-First Century, 2003. 105-16. Print. "Poe, Edgar Allan (1809 - 1849) - Credo Reference Topic." Credo Reference Home. Web. 13 Feb. 2011. . Quinn, Arthur Hobson., and Shawn Rosenheim. "New York- "The Raven" and Other Matters." Edgar Allan Poe: a Critical Biography. Baltimore (Md.): John Hopkins UP, 1998. 405-50. Print. "The Raven." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 13 Feb. 2011. .

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