In fact, in the early nineteenth century many letters and diaries that have been examined show that middle class men and women of all ages participate in relations that verged on sexual- homosexual love. Today these acts would be judged as homoerotic, yet were viewed with tolerance and were even encouraged by leading middle class moralists. Readers of the time took little notice to poets like Whitman, not even to condemn them for immorality, a charge which they typically reserved for poems with heterosexual themes (Killingsworth 98). Whitman was a unique poet and a... ... middle of paper ... ...e had no idea when writing this work what the future would hold, we are now reading this in our literature class. Is this really appropriate?
Women's Work in the Industrial Revolution The industrial revolution swept through Europe and North America during the 19th century, affecting the class structure, economy, government, and even the religious practices of everyone who lived in or did commerce with these new "industrialized nations." It made the modern age possible, but it was not without its "growing pains." The position of women before the industrial revolution was often equivalent to chattel, and then as now, they were expected to take naturally to housework and child rearing. The history of working women in the Industrial Revolution is rife with accounts of abuse and tragedy, but overall it improved their position in capitalist societies. Below, I will explain the different positions women held in society, the home, and the workplace during the Industrial Revolution in Europe and America, and compare them to history and to contemporary women.
Many worked to help support their families, and by doing so, they forwent their education. Numerous nineteenth century reformers and labor groups sought to restrict child labor and to improve working conditions. The Industrial Revolution was a major factor involving child labor. It was during this time that America had entered a great boom of prosperity, and there was an excessive demand for many products that steadily became cheaper, the more that was produced. Because of supply over demand, there was a great increase in available jobs within factories.
In 1962 a law was passed saying that if a man forced a woman , wifes excluded , to have sexual intercourse with him; he would be charged for rape (Kilpatrick). The law was extremely narrow to what was considered rape. It focused more on the victims consent than the force of the man(Kilpatrick). At that time rape was strictly a crime against women.And it wasn’t until the 1970’s in which a rape crisis center was established.When the first organization was made 70 out of every 100,000 females were raped (Kilpatrick). While crime rates went down in the United states , rape did not decline (KIlpatrick).
Huge industrial towns grew around the factories as people moved to factory areas to look for work. In 1800, 75000 people lived in Manchester. By 1850, more than 300 000 people lived there. This made more goods for sale at home and abroad. The revolution had many impacts on Victorian life and many people benefited from industrialization but many people did not.
“Men have had every advantage of us in telling their own story. Education has been theirs in so much a higher degree; the pen has been in their hands,” says Anne Elliot, the protagonist of Persuasion (Austen 223). Austen wrote novels about women, and men, but the focus was more on the women’s lives and roles. She wrote novels that were meant to be read by women. In today’s society, the idea has arisen that Jane Austen books and the films based on them are “chick flicks,” and most men will refuse to read or watch them.
In 1833 a law required textile factories to provide at least two hours of education to children under the age of 13. (www.thenationalarchives.gov.uk – 30/03/2013). Problems: Child maltreatment is still an issue today effecting thousands of children worldwide. Though there are laws protecting children against child labor and abuse, and a better understanding of why children are not supposed to be working instead of getting an education, there are still many cases of child labor and abuse. Over 158 million children are being exploited a... ... middle of paper ... ...tions: The solution to help limit or end child maltreatment is mainly to raise awareness on how serious this issue is to those who do not understand the extremity of harm the victim is under.
While the working conditions for children in Europe during the Industrial Revolution were hazardous and sometimes fatal, the era was only capable of the extraordinary profits and accomplishments it achieved because of child labor. They achieved the feats that they did because of the wide array of labor the children performed in factories, coal mines, and cotton mills. Children that worked in factories were cheaper to hire than adults and could be manipulated with physical abuse to work extensive hours and for low wages. The Industrial Revolution brought population increase which equaled to more child workers. New factories were built which brought more jobs.
The Industrial Revolution came about in the 18th century in the United Kingdom before spreading throughout Europe. It ushered in a new age where tasks such as textile work and farming were handled by machines that were faster and more efficient than people. The advent of this mechanization allowed for mass production of many things that would improve the lives of many; however, the people that were no longer needed for farm work were left without employment. During this period, families had to move away from their comfortable farm lives and homes and into ever-crowding cities in search of work. Factory owners employed adults and children, alike.
In general, the American’s businesses started expanding between 1820 and 1840 from farming communities into mill towns. For the most part, farming was the main resource for Lowell, Massachusetts which was passed down from generations to generations. However, the American economy experienced the beginning of industrial revolution (Brinkley, 2014, p. 246). This industrial revolution transformed in all counties, states and countries. The increase in population was key figure in the industrial revolution as new migrants started to arriving with new technologies, different skills sets, and different cultures.