From these striking images, the responders are forced to not only sympathise for the dead, but also for the poor souls that were left behind and deprived of any sort of human closure. Conversely, in ’Dulce Et Decorum Est’ Owen vehemently denounces traditional values of honour and glory associated with war and how the government used war propaganda to encourage generations of ’boys’ to sacrifice their lives in vitriolic ways. So, in this effect, Owen highlights the way in which humanity has been so obscenely destroyed, by the ruthless and the
“William Blake (1757-1827) was an artist, poet, mystic, visionary and radical thinker.” (4) London comes from ‘Songs of innocence and Experience’ written by Blake in the 1790’s. The poem presents an incredibly negative view of London. In Blake’s view, the terrible living conditions are what caused physical, moral, and spiritual decay. The image of “the Chimney-sweepers cry/ Every blackening church appalls” conveys Blake’s attitude towards The Church of England. He doesn’t agree in having money spent on church buildings, while children live in poverty; forced to clean chimneys.
Picturing ‘old beggar under sacks’ tells us what war has done to them. It also tells us they are battle weary and scared of what is ahead of them. The use of similes in the first stanza allows the reader to understand the anguish of war. The poet is able to use words the words to paint a vivid and terrifying picture of trench warfare in the mind of the reader. The Hags is connected with the word beggers as they both outcasts in society.
The use of such words tells the reader that the soldiers are being forced by the government to kill. Therefore, causing the soldiers despair. Another portion of the poem uses phrases such as “in very infants cry of fear” and “how the chimney sweepers cry” to show an image of child labor. The term “appalls” is used to describe the “blackning Church” to allow the audience to realize that the church is horrified of the child labor. The chimney sweepers are a specific example of child labor.
It is a conservative force as it prevents the subject class from overthrowing the ruling class. Therefore, Owen uses his profound disillusionment with organized religion in his poems and letters to give a damning indictment of this class-divided society. Le Christianisme is a direct attack on religion which can be seen by the two lines “So the church Christ was hit and buried/Under its rubbish and rubble”. Three words are very significant here “buried”, “rubbish” and “rubble”, creating a lexical chain of negative imagery about the church and “Christ”. After witnessing the horrors of war Owen believes religion to be “rubbish” with no use to it.
But goes off when he mentions a blackening church and bloody palace walls. Makes you think that he’s a confused person or that he is just setting his surroundings. He compares a Harlot’s curse to a new-born infant’s tears, which gives the reader the impression that he always thinks the worst of every situation. But the last line of the poem makes you think he’s going through something with his wife because he talks about a marriage hearse. A hearse represents death and so it could possibly mean the death of the marriage or the death of his wife in general.
Owen wants his readers to think about the harsh conditions of war, and understanding the tragedy and sad emotions of soldiers who wouldn’t get the last laugh since many of them die. To reference the title of the poem, Wilfred describes the weapons getting the last laugh at the end of each stanza. In “The Last Laugh,” Owen identifies the way in which the weapons have more power versus religion, family, and love. According to line 3, “The Bullets chirped -- In vain, vain, vain!,” the bullets are mocking his religion. The weapons might have hit the soldier to make him curse at God and be in vain.
Owen forces the readers to recognise the soldier’s sacrifice due to the war fueled by the propagandist lies. Owen utilises second person to address the stay at home patriots and those who would encourage young men to give up their lives for their country. The ironic tone addressing “my friend” conveys his anger as he holds the government accountable for what he and so many others had to endure and claims that if only they were to witness the atrocities of war then they would realise the extent of the ‘old lie’. Through the use of the word “boys”, its connotations of youth and innocence, emphasises the corruption of the government. Owen’s vivid imagery allows the reader to foresee the lies the government has addressed, which has lead the mass murder of innocent young soldiers.
Similarly the title "London" is used to represent the state of English society and to symbolizes the condition of every human society (Hirsch Jr., 1964) Aga... ... middle of paper ... ...en with gonorrhea and other diseases, which blinded the newborn babies (Damon, 1965) Hence the diction ?Blast the new-born Infants tear?. The poem reaches its climax as the speaker exposes the infants who were born into poverty. When Blake uses the contradicting phrase ?Marriage hearse? in the last line it is significant because he combines something good with something bad (Lambert Jr., 1995) Blake proposes the possibility that as long as powerful institutions corrupt society, marriage is always cursed. Even though the joy of a new life is present, the fact that the child is born into a corrupt and evil society is discouraging.
In ‘Dulce Et Decorum Est’ Wilfred Owen intends to instigate strong emotions in the reader to convey how the WW1 was like hell. This differentiates with other poets like, Jessie Pope. As this poem is written aggressively against the war. In the poem, Wilfred Owen had written three stanzas in where; stanza one he had described the sorrow of the soldiers that had to endure the unpleasant experience of warfare. This is best shown when Owen describes the men as ‘Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sledge,’.