Racism is an act that exists when a particular ethnic group will focus on the differences of another and look for ways in which to dominate them. It is the belief that one ethnic group is more advantaged and better than the others. Racism has been part of the country ever since the colonization by the Europeans in North America in the 17th century this was the colonial era. The ideology of racism then continued on to the slave era where African Americans were the culprits. The ideology of racism has ever since remained with the country.
Underachievement, lack of inclusion, and backward progression within society is a trend that engulfs African American men constantly in the American society. There is a continuous struggle to break the persistent mold. Although many feel that the United States has overcome its racist history, the legacies of slavery and racism still affect our policies and practices today. Of the nearly 2.1 million adult men and women imprisoned in the United States, roughly 70% are persons of color (Minton, 2012). Within the criminal justice system, people of color are imprisoned disproportionately due to racist laws, are denied access to the rehabilitative options given to Whites, and are harassed and mistreated by U.S. agencies.
In order to answer those complex questions, I plan to examine the conditions of America's history from colonialism to present day society. It was these conditions of America's past that promoted the development of racist practices and ideas that continue to be embraced by many to this day. The idea of superiority and inferiority of entire groups were largely the result of the encounters between the Europeans and the indigenous native peoples of the Americas. Christopher Columbus was one of the first individuals who played a chief role in the birth of both racism and slavery. Upon the so-called "discovery" of America, European self-consciousness rose to the point that Europeans began to notice the similarities between each other.
Even though black people have made many strides this long-standing history of oppression has persevered throughout the generations. The deep-rooted contention of inequality and injustice has infiltrated the social fabric of American society and government as black people today experience discrimination on every level. Structured discrimination has been to blame for the many disparities that black people face in America. The most obvious are the disproportionate amount of minorities in the United States Criminal Justice System. Blacks make up approximately 13% of the U.S. population, and whites 67% of the U.S. population (Census, 2009); however, of the 2.2 million incarcerated, 900,000 are Black (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011).
What types of people occupy this space? Do their public ... ... middle of paper ... ... all Americans. In order to rectify the harm we as a society have prolonged and produced, we must make it a great priority to reform the ways in which we are teaching our children about race, and even more so about celebrating diversity, making individuals proud of their identity rather than ashamed. Works Cited Feagin, Joe R. 2004. Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparations.
Before the abolition of slavery in the country in the mid 20th century, racism was socially and even legally sanctioned in the country. The rights that were denied to those affected by racism such as African Americans, Native Americans, Latin Americans, and Asian Americans, among others, were enjoyed... ... middle of paper ... ...cused white Americans for crimes committed against their black compatriots. According to Simon Cuthbert-Kerr, Malcolm many times, started that white people were the enemy. Also, the fact that he wanted black people to fight against white Americans, made him become an emblem for what was going on with the African Americans at that time. There have been numerous episodes of racism and discrimination against many groups in the United States throughout the whole history of the United States.
But, that day if possible is many years away. Racism still exists in America today. This is a very verifiable fact for it is estimated that currently in the United States there exists 751 active hate groups that espouse racism and hate based on a persons race, ethnicity, or religion (Southern Poverty Law Center, 2003). This data is very disturbing and is even more disturbing if one looks at the number and proximity of hate groups that exist in the state of West Virginia, which is eight (Southern Poverty Law Center). Of these eight one the White Shield Knights of the Klu Klux Klan is based out of this exact area in Mineral Wells.
Their first encounter with the New World and these new peoples, created the opening ideas of inequality. These new people were called indigenous people and alien like. Europeans began to question if these people were really human and had the same intellectual capacity as Europeans did. “Alternative ideas about the origins and identities of indigenous peoples also began to appear early in the 16th century... ... middle of paper ... ...to the foundation of American Society. We continue to support and maintain these social norms through deliberated and non deliberated ways, forced servitude and the advancement of racial legislation fostered racism in the United States.
These are questions raised when many think about the subject; especially members of American ethnic groups and backgrounds, because most have dealt with racial discrimination in their life time. Since the beginning of colonization, America has been controlled by religiously and ethically diverse whites. The most profound cases of racism in the “United” States of America have been felt by Native Americans, Asians, African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Muslims. Major racially structured institutions include; slavery, settlement, Indian reservations, segregation, residential schools, and internment camps (Racism in the U.S., 1). Racism has been felt and seen by many in housing, the educational system, places of employment, and the government.
At the current rates of African American incarceration 1 in 3 of every African American male born today can expect to spend time in prison through out heir life time. The mass incarceration of people of color has significant effects on society in countless ways; more than what are apparently obvious to most people. As a result of the racial injustices within American society a racial hierarchy is maintained, stereotypes are perpetuated, communities of color suffer from communal uncertainty, health, financial instability, and sociopolitical needs are not accurately represented nor met. The racially bias policies and practices of the criminal justice system are unjustly detrimental to the well being of many black and Latino communities, their possible prosperity, and to America’s progression as a whol... ... middle of paper ... ...ading guilty and accept lower sentencing then risk mandatory 5 to 10 years in prison for drug charges. The extreme sentencing has forced most defendants to become felons by default.