Analysis Of William Golding 's Lord Of The Flies

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Government plays an indispensible role in the rights and freedoms we possess in our lives. They permit us religious liberty, freedom of speech, educational opportunities, and other freedoms that go along with our daily lives. For over thousands of years civilizations and governments have been operated differently. When a group of British schoolboys become stranded on a deserted island, each have contrasting ideas on how government and society should be run. In “Lord of the Flies,” William Golding portrays how the shift in authority, ideas, and judgment of the group members result in dissimilar forms of governmental beliefs. Ralph represents a democratic government, Jack embodies a dictatorship and a totalitarian state, and Piggy is an allegorical figure for an idealistic government. Ralph, an attractive and charismatic fair haired boy, is used as an irrefutable portrayal of a republic by empowering the other boys on the island and therefore creating a pragmatic government. Upon first arriving on the deserted island, Ralph finds a conch shell. He establishes the shell as a talking piece and as a signal for gathering, a democratic symbol of government. We infer from Ralph’s actions that he wants a civilization with order and instruction. During their first assembly, Ralph declares that the boys “must have a chief to decide things.”(22). Rather than declaring himself chief from the start, he states that the sensible thing to do is “vote for chief” (22), and proposes a voting system. Ralph enforces joint decision making by granting equal voices during assemblies. Once elected chief, Ralph seeks to designate responsibilities to divisions of people. For example, he appoints the choir boys as hunters, and gives authority over them to... ... middle of paper ... ... in trouble on the island” (132). Piggy’s ideas continually shape those of Ralph 's, assisting him and others in maintaining “grown up” judgements. He countlessly steers the boys away from misfortunes on the island through his natural altruism and criticism, all examples of what an idealistic democracy should represent. Golding establishes the power and potential of government and its vulnerability to outside affairs. In “Lord of the Flies,” each of the older boys strive for power and authority. Their views and beliefs are all dissimilar, resulting in each boys to possess different elucidation on how the island should function. These representations of government are apparent in Ralph, Jack, and Piggy, and prompt the social unrest and inability to compensate for their own needs. The way in which a leader governs determines the path that he/she sets upon his people.
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