Analysis Of Tyranny Of The Majority By Lani Guinier
1351 Words6 Pages
Lani Guinier, in her essay titled “Tyranny of the Majority” (1944), justifies her political ideas and explains that as a result of these ideas, she has explored decisionmaking rules that prevent The Majority from “exercise[ing] power unfairly or tyrannically.” She supports her justification by incorporating childlike anecdotal stories, quoting loved American patriots, and creating conceptual analogies. Guinier’s purpose is to convince her opponents, as well as Americans with moderate political orientations, that her views and ideas aren’t too radical, in order to convince them that in order to make America a “true democracy,” they must consider her methods and strategies for desegregating The Majority. She adopts a patriotic, idealistic tone…show more content… By incorporating the above example into her essay, Guinier consistently makes her point more effective and easier to understand. Additionally, the fact that Guinier specifically mentions that she was a Brownie leads to the impression that she is ‘cute’ and ‘patriotic,’ as Brownies are commonly known to be the two things listed before. This effectively appeals to the audience’s sense of ethos and pathos by creating positive feelings toward Guinier that make her persona seem friendly, and not too radical. The use of the word ‘promptly’ also portrays the idea that Guinier acts upon issues as soon as she sees them, and since she is acting upon current American democracy, it must be an…show more content… 16).
Link Statement: The above analogy is more or less effective in building Guinier’s argument, provided the reader can understand her idea of a ‘Madisonian Majority.’ Guinier uses the word ‘Madisonian Majority’ to create a relationship between her ideas and those of one of the founding fathers of the United States. This appeals to the audience’s sense of ethos by creating a sense of patriotism in the reader, as most Americans respect and admire the founding fathers, and thus they are more likely to consider ideas based on those of the founding fathers.
“ … we… need an alternative to winner-take-all majoritarianism… with Nikolas’s help… I call [this] the ‘principle of taking turns.’ [It] does better than simple majority rule… it accommodates the values of self-government, fairness, deliberation, compromise, and consensus that lie at the heart of the democratic ideal” (para.