Analysis Of Turkey And The European Union

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Turkey was founded 30 December 1922. Since its inception, it has strived to become a strong, independent, and powerful nation comparable to those within Europe. Starting in 1963, Turkey has made progressive steps toward becoming a candidate for joining the European Union. It was not until 1999 that Turkey officially became a candidate. A nation must demonstrate it has the capability to uphold the European Union’s three main criteria before it becomes a member. The three criteria include (one) being a democracy with stable institutions which are able to guarantee rule of law and show respect and protection toward human rights and minorities, (two) retaining the ability to comply with the obligations of European Union membership, such as adopting the body of European Union law, and (three) maintaining a functional market economy which adapts to joining the single market. This third criterion is primarily what has caused Turkey some extreme environmental issues. Beginning in the early 1980s, Turkey saw a boom in industrial production and therefore an increase in industrial energy consumption. The twenty year span between 1980 and 2000 saw Turkey nearly triple its energy consumption, rising to a usage nearly three quadrillion Btu in 1998, half of which is devoted to the industrial sector. Despite the fact that this number is low in comparison to countries of similar size and population densities—Germany, France, and Poland, for example—Turkey’s upward trend in energy usage is cause for concern. If Turkey is to remain at this rate of consumption, it will surpass these countries in the very near future. Turkey’s rise in energy consumption coupled with its move to replace coal with cleaner-burning natural gas has drastically increased... ... middle of paper ... ...ts onto older plants. Turkey has made very progressive strides toward rectifying the numerous environmental problems the nation faces. Notwithstanding this, the International Energy Agency criticizes Turkey’s attempts to reduce pollution, especially its air pollution, stating their actions are not extreme enough. In its annual report, the International Energy Agency stated that Turkey should look toward increasing investments in public transports, most notably in its urban areas. Turkey also should improve the implementation system on air quality regulations it has established. Finally, though the report does not emphasize Turkey efforts to decrease oil transportation on the Black Sea and Bosporus Straits, it does indicated that Turkey should improve the quality of oil products and further promote switching energy sources from high-sulfur lignite to natural gas.

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