Analysis Of Thomas Hobbes Social Contract Theory

analytical Essay
1024 words
1024 words

Thomas Hobbes has a primary emphasis on the state of nature and the social contract. Hobbes’s theory is categorized in several different ways. First, he is considered a pseudo natural law theorist. This is because he bases many of his premises on natural law. Additionally, Hobbes is referred to as a social contract theorist because he initiated the philosophical concept of the social contract. Finally, Hobbes can be categorized as a justice theorist, since many of his writings deal with justice and the state. Hobbes’s exclusive focus in on political power. He believed that the principle of human self-motion was desire. Essentially, he argues that there are two basic principles of voluntary action. The fist he called appetites. Hobbes …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that thomas hobbes's theory is categorized in several different ways. he is considered a pseudo natural law theorist, and he initiated the philosophical concept of the social contract.
  • Explains that hobbes's political theory is based on the principle of human self-motion: appetites and aversions.
  • Explains john locke's support for the social contract theory, stating that the government is established only as a definite way of carrying out the will of the majority.
  • Explains that locke believes that natural law requires all to respect the rights of others. good and evil can be defined in terms of pleasure and pain produced by actions.
  • Analyzes how rousseau believes that human beings are equally involved in and capable of achieving freedom. he argues that in a state of nature individuals are indifferent to each other.
  • Analyzes how hegel's dialectical method inspired both conservative and radical critics to expand the dialectic into the realm of true social criticism.
  • Analyzes how nietzsche's analysis of democracy provides the most realistic assessment of the world and democracy.
  • Analyzes how nietzsche's interpretation of good and evil was unfortunate to say the least in his mind.

He believed that the social contract obliges government to carry out the will of the majority. The government is established only as a definite way of carrying out the will of the majority and thus securing the common good of the community. Locke also stated that the social contract depends upon the consent of the governed. “But to conclude, Reason being plain on our side, that Men are naturally free, and the Examples of History shewing, that the Governments of the World, that were begun in Pease, had their beginning laid on that foundation, and were made by the Consent of the …show more content…

Nietzsche evaluates the world in terms of how it really is. He recognizes that people are inherently different and frames his philosophy accordingly. This, his philosophical paradigm is superior in terms of its realism. Furthering that argument, Nietzsche also shows that he wants to preserve societal advancement. Nietzsche was primarily concerned what society would stagnate if we settled for mediocrity. While his philosophy may be somewhat elitist, it mandates societal advancement because it allows the elites to rise to the top and push society forward. There is link to Christianity. Societies cannot push forward with this notion of God. Christianity, with its conception of transcendent, omnipotent, omniscient and a just God, denies and negates too much that is valuable in this world. There was a direct link to Christianity and how there was a real manifestation of the will to power and that certain individuals have revealed themselves. He accounts for his own ethics. Nietzsche accounts for all people in society and provides all people the equal opportunity to maximize their own power. While power differences are inevitable based upon individual differences, all people have the same opportunity to Will to Power. This creates the basis of his ethics as

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