Ndegwa, N. S. (1996). The Two Faces of Civil Society: NGOs and Politics in Africa. United States of America: Kumarian Press, Inc. (141 pages).
The book “The Two Faces of Civil Society: NGOs and Politics in Africa” examines how non-governmental organizations contribute to democratization in Africa and what conditions constrain their contributions. The process of how NGOs alter state-society relations is a process that unfolds and has determinants that include organization, resources, alliances and political opportunities while the limits that they can also go to constrain them (Ndegwa, 1996:1). NGOs remain important in the spread of democracy in Africa and the study sees this as the point of transition in Kenya from single party state to multi party state at the time of the author’s work. It looks at liberalization from the undemocratic governments and how to conceptualize civil society in the context of political change in Africa (Ndegwa, 1996:2).
CENTRAL THESIS…show more content… The civil societies represent the common man who undergoes a lot of suffering because of political anarchy. With the existence of anarchic systems, the people had to cooperate to stop conflicts that came about between the people and the state and the advancement of science and technology forced states to also cooperate on the other hand. This saw an increase in non-state actors where the state as an actor in earlier years set pace of the international system. The NGOs therefore got a position in the international system and were recognized by other states in their