“The Basics of Black Power”, an article that opposes the SNCC, states “ Black people cannot relate to SNCC because of its unrealistic, nonracial atmosphere; denying their experience of America as a racist society.” (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee 2) This is what lead to the black power movement, people felt like the only way to fight racism is with violence. Human rights activist, Malcolm X was a huge supporter of the black power movement. He explains his support in a speech known as “Message to the Grass
This essay illustrated the Black Arts Movement's "manifesto" or plan. Neal wrote: "The Black Arts Movement is radically opposed to any concept of the artist that alienates him from his community" (Smith). Meaning, all black people must reorganize the creativity of the Western culture because of their "desire for self-determination and nationhood "(Smith). Neal hoped that when the black community collectively join to create an new art form they would become powerful and strengthened in their society. Neal was just one of the important writers of the Black Arts Movement era.
It is getting the people of the community to support the revolution and make for a better life. In the essay it states, “Black art must expose the enemy, praise the people and support the revolution” (52). Black art is important to the survival of the black culture and the key to a better life, by revolution. Ron Karenga relies the message that a black aesthetic is essential to the revolution, in that it will help to judge the validity of the art in the black culture. If art is not to support the black revolution, it is invalid and useless to the community.
Malcolm X was a great Civil Rights leader that was ahead of his time, dealing with the inequalities and the black struggle of the 1960's. The 1960's was an era that defined the black race as a lower status than the white race merely based on color. Malcolm X defined race through his Muslim religion believing that blacks would one day reign supreme if only they accepted Allah as God, took Islam as their only religion, and followed the honorable Elijah Muhammad as their messenger. He also believed that the White race was ungodly and they were doomed for their unjust rule unable to accept Allah because of there evil nature. Clearly X's definition of race was that the Black race was "good" and "godly", and the White race was wrong and evil.
Brown vs. Board of Education Ever since the founding of the United States of America, blacks have continuously been considered inferior to the white race. In the year of 1954, a substantial advancement in the fight for equality for blacks was prevalent. Countless prominent leaders of the United States realized the injustices that the blacks were forced to endure daily. Stated blatantly in the Declaration of Independence, it is said that all men are created equally. Disregarding the opinions of the men in the South, people began to realize that it was time to truly consider every man who is a citizen of the United States as equals.
Reconstruction made the nation as a whole feel ‘reunited’, but it was viewed as a failure and waste immediately after its completion (Boyer, 471). It laid the groundwork for the Civil Rights Movement by passing the 13, 14, and 15th amendments, even though they would not be implemented to protect minority rights for nearly a hundred years. Reconstruction also established a policy of treating African-Americans as second-class citizens. The nation was taught that it was alright to treat blacks as inferior people because the government would not even guarantee them the right to vote in state elections. However, Reconstruction did pave the way for share-cropping and the factory system, which would lead to an economic boom as American expanded.
Black Consciousness has been defined as an attitude of the mind and a way of life. Therefore, the purpose of teaching Black Consciousness was to conquer feelings of black inferiority and replace it with a new solid social identity which encouraged black pride and independence from white oppression. Africans should reject the myths from which Apartheid was conceived, where blacks were depicted as inferior, savage, simple and having a primitive culture which needed to be modernized. Rather blacks should believe in their true identity of being survivors with the utmost human dignity. Black people needed to become aware of their collective power both economically and politically.
All slaves are equal at birth and have no social status in society. DuBois had explained that the average life for blacks in America was a hardship. DuBois had a different take in the fight for equality and the struggle for the abolishment of racism. Some people that wanted black to be submissive and others strived for a "separate black nation." DuBois only wanted fight and passion from blacks to find equality.
After his speech, “African Americans embraced Washington as their champion and adopted his autobiography, up from slavery as their guide to better future” (570). On the other hand, there were many people who disagreed with Washington’s view on freedom. One of them was W.E.B. Du Bois who demanded immediate equality for black people. According to Du Bois, he claimed that “ideas not slogans, principles not personalities were essential to the eradication of the many forms of bigotry and inequality that had perverted what he called “the ideal of human brotherhood” in America” (686).
Prompt 2 The New Negro movement represented a new age of advocacy among Black Americans unwilling to submit to the racism of a post-Reconstruction America. They had already had their pleas for reform denied with the Compromise (or Betrayal) of 1876, while the first World War revealed critical discrepancies between the idealist views of America and the realities of the nation for Black people. Even as Black Americans left the South, either to escape racist policies or simply to find a job, they fell victim to de facto segregation and redlining within their new urban communities. The response to these tensions was intellectual rebellion: the New Negro movement focused on challenging stereotypes which had been created to portray Black Americans as subhuman. Gone were the days of Uncle Tom or mammy portrayals of a complacent Black – now was the time to show that the Black American was strong-willed, intelligent, and discontented.