Analysis Of The Metamorphosis By Plath And Kafka

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Before and after their alienation, Esther and Gregor never had anyone to support them. Esther, who is from a middle class background, was always surrounded by people in a higher social class. She never truly fitted in; she was always impressed with the lifestyle she was experiencing. She can never find peace with people in her life. She felt like the females in her life were not strong and the males, such as Buddy, acted against all her wishes. Gregor’s life was limited to his occupation and he adored his family very much, but the family connection was not great. Esther also had limited pleasure with the family because her father died. Although the main characters contribute to their own estrangement, Plath and Kafka provide further details…show more content…
Unlike Esther, Gregor does not cause his controversy. Kafka depicts Gregor as a humble and selfless individual who keeps to himself and seems to have only one purpose: to support his family. His selflessness is why he has the sole purpose to work and pay off the debt for his family; he self-acquired the burden of his father’s debt. After Gregor wakes up and realizes that he has transformed into an insect, he does not look after himself. Instead, he concerns himself with the duty to support his family. Kafka writes how determined Gregor is to resume his work; “Well, I haven’t entirely given up that hope; once I’ve got the money together to pay of my parents’ debt to him—that ought to take five or six years—I will do so, no two ways about it” (30). Although Gregor expresses great devotion and sacrifice, his family does not appreciate his hard work. The family taking Gregor for granted never troubles him. Kafka displays how human cruelty leads to individuals becoming…show more content…
For example, Gregor has become an insect and Esther has been admitted to a mental institution. Gregor is too bizarre to be accepted; Esther is too mentally unstable to be seen as a normal human being. The characters who alienate the victim use the abnormality to justify their actions. In The Bell Jar, characters, such as Arnold, no longer want to associate themselves with Esther because she has been given a label. Arnold does not see Esther for who she is, rather, he only acknowledges her label. Gregor also faces this kind of cruelty. His family does not acknowledge him as Gregor Samsa; Gregor’s family sees him only as a burdensome insect. Both characters have become

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