Analysis Of The Lord's Resistance Army In Uganda

1108 Words5 Pages
Francesca Agege and Taylor Rydbom
International Relations
April 5, 2014

Since 1987, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a violent rebel group headed by Joseph Kony, has been terrorizing the people of Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Central African Republic (CAR), and Southern Sudan. The issue was recently brought to light in the media under the Kony 2012 movement. The international community struggles to see how the Ugandan government has failed to suppress the terrorist group. Several of the mainstream perspectives look to explain the conflict by means of understanding the clash of ideals between the leader of the LRA and the government, the economic corruption that have led to extreme poverty, and the LRA’s strive for power. In this paper, we will be discussing the government’s inability to suppress the actions of the LRA through the use of the mainstream International Relations perspectives.

The Kony 2012 movement, started by a small non-profit organization called Invisible Children, brought international attention to the issue, despite the fact that LRA has been active since the 1980’s. The LRA was established in spite of the national government. The group was designed to rebel against Yoweri Museveni’s presidency. They were unhappy with the shift of power from Tito Okello, who hailed from the north, to Museveni, a southern Ugandan. Much of the activities were out of spite and revenge against the north. Joseph Kony became a prominent figure in the fight when he formed the LRA and was the forerunner of the rebellion. He was first linked to the group called the Holy Spirit Movement. The organization was a Christian group that had the firm desire to create a theocracy in Uganda, which only allowed for Christia...

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...s to be an even stronger nation. On December 14, 2008, the Ugandan government again decided to deal with the LRA militarily, with armies of Southern Sudan and Congo and with the support of the United States. Realists would argue that this is due to a lack of resources from the Ugandan government, However, all of the LRA commanders escaped unharmed.
We agree mainly with the identity perspective in this case due to the fact that the roots of the issue stem from ethnic conflict. From ethnic conflict it move towards religious conflict and the concept of humanity was eradicated. The government is unable to shut down the LRA due to the fact that they cannot compromise. Although there is much strength in the realist and liberal perspectives, the answer to the question of why the government has been unable to suppress the LRA lies mainly within the identity perspective.

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