They agree that protecting biodiversity is entirely important, but they also emphasize that conservation goals must reach a compromise and coordinate efforts that both improve human welfare while also protecting biodiversity (Kareiva and Marvier 962). In order to successfully combat the difficulties of accommodating both mankind and biodiversity, economists, scientists, and philosophers, and policymakers must find environmental solutions that maximize human-well being while preserving biodiversity. However, there is some controversy to this as some argue that perhaps scientists should stick to science, and leave the politics and policymaking to economists and
Discuss the different uses that biodiversity has for society, and how this may justify biodiversity conservation. Incorporate relevant case studies into your discussion. Word count: 1,126 Due date: 17/11/2014 Biodiversity and Society Biodiversity has remained an integral factor for enabling the existence of life. The English Oxford Dictionary, (2014) defines biodiversity as the: “diversity of plant and animal life, especially as represented by the number of extant species.” Humankind rests dependent on the rich plant and animal species that exist today in our world whereby these species lay at the heart of sustaining ecosystems that are agricultural and natural (Myers 1994, Raven and Johnson 1992, and Wilson 1994, cited by Pimentel et
Adverse Impacts of Landscape Fragmentation on Biodiversity Landscape fragmentation can impose devastating and irreversible consequences on the biodiversity of ecosystems. Because of the conflicting interests between ecology and human economic benefit, it has become increasingly important to find solutions for a harmonic balance. It is imperative for people to recognize the impacts of biodiversity loss and increased extinction of many species. These impacts must be understood in order to protect landscapes and the immense biodiversity they contain. Raising environmental consciousness through education and public cooperative efforts, as well as promoting resource conservation and changing consumptive patterns, are just a few ways that we can begin to protect biodiversity.
Development on the other hand consists of improvements in the well being of citizens and the capacity of economic, political and social systems to provide the circumstances for that well being on a sustainable, long-term basis (Barder, 2012). Community development can therefore be defined as a process where community members come together to take collective action and generate solutions to common economic, social, environmental, cultural and political problems. Community-based natural resources management (CBNRM) on the other hand is an approach under which communities become responsible for managing natural resources (forests, land, water, biodiversity) within a designated area (Donnay and Webbie, 2011). However the basis of CBNRM lies in the community development process where collective action is required to have an effective CBNRM program. CBNRM programs are implemented worldwide and they aim to spur rural development while improving natural resource management (Boggs 2000; World Wildlife Fund for Nature 2006).
The discourse of sustainable development has deepened the consideration of rights through its attention to the rights of future generations and present especially for socially marginalized people. It also significantly puts their focus on nonhuman dimensions of the natural world by acknowledging the value and capacity. Sustainable development has proposed the issues in various aspects of society and universe as a whole and aims to create sustainable lifestyle in long term. In this paper, I will demonstrate why it is difficult to achieve sustainable development by using the example of village of Andavadoaka which successfully implemented sustainable practice. Secondly, it will demonstrate under what circumstances sustainable development calls for ‘environmental justice’ that led to transformation of development policy and practice.
Previous studies evaluated how these biodiversity is being protected and how the biogeographical regions are represented in the Bolivian National Protected Area System; it has been identified the need of a new assessment given that some regions of high value are underrepresented and some others are over represented (Lopez & Zambrana-Torrelio, 2006). The region is under constant threat of development projects such as dams and roads that can have a significant impact on one of the most biodiverse areas in the world. Following the systematic conservation planning process with a landscape species approach,... ... middle of paper ... ...er because it is practical to explain a conservation planning process within a large area with different land tenures, integrating a wide range of different land use activities, and where stakeholders are actively involved. An inverse systematic conservation planning (Kareksela et al., 2013) using Zonation will add by including cost to the analysis, allowing to determine development suitable areas that at the same time are least ecologically valuable or sensitive areas, or areas that avoid ecological loss. In the coming years, Bolivia’s most visible challenge will be to increase political and administrative autonomy when it comes to development projects within and around protected areas to minimise conflict and ecological impact (Painter et al, 2011).
This study has provided a better understanding on all four fundamentals of ecotourism and how they are linked. It is the responsibility of the ecotourism industry to ensure that they create awareness on the environment and the impact of tourism on the environment and also critical to engage all stakeholders particularly tourists and local community on the conservation of natural
Human activity significantly contributes to environmental degradation, endangering biological diversity, prompting policy makers to take actions to limit further damage. The essay will first define biodiversity and its political significance, before discussing conservation policies – more specifically, it will detail the concept of economical services and the inclusion of local communities in co-management arrangements. Paying communities to manage their natural resources has been presented as a possible solution to environmental degradation – the essay will illustrate this approach with the Chimpanzee Conservation Corridor in Uganda and the Socio Bosque program in Ecuador. It will discuss the advantages and the drawbacks of such Payments for
The main objective is to safeguard regions that have built up a 'distinct character' in regards to their ecological, biological, cultural or scenic value. Protected Landscapes and Seascapes allow a higher level of sustainable interaction with surrounding communities (such as traditional agricultural and forestry systems) and should represent an integral balance between people and nature. Protected Landscapes and Seascapes are one of the more flexible categories and may be able to accommodate contemporary developments such as ecotourism whilst maintaining historical agro bio diversity and aquatic biodiversity management
However, at least three out of five of the principle pressures are caused by humans, although it is arguable that we do play a crucial role in speeding climate change and transporting invasive species. Ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss is almost like the result of the other issues. The impacts of this issue are important in many ways. Up to forty percent of the world’s economy depends on natural resources, and perpetually using these resources inevitably means that they will run out. The economy would suffer greatly.