Analysis Of The Bystander Effect

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Laura Marinhagen November 21, 2017 Analysis of the Bystander Effect As our textbook describes the bystander effect as the tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present. To put it into my own words, I think that bystander effect is where people are less likely to help because of the diffusion of responsibility. We are more likely to help: the person appears to need and deserve help, if the person is in some way similar to us, the person is a woman, when we have just observed someone else being helpful, if we are not in a hurry, if we are in a small town or rural areas, when we are feeling guilty, when we are focused on others and not preoccupied, and when we are in a great/good mood (Myers). The problem of the bystander effect is when we witness a problem, consider some kind of positive action, but something holds us back, so we remain bystanders. Every day we serve as bystander to the world around us since we feel powerless to address the problem or issue on our own. For instance, older students are reluctant to discuss their fears about bullying, so each student tacitly accepts it, afraid to make waves, and no one identifies the problem—a form of pluralistic ignorance. A great evidence is the case of Kitty Genovese who screamed got attracted attention, but no one called the police until 20 min later. Kitty Genovese case led to the development of the 911 emergency call system and inspired a long line of research led by psychologists Bibb Latané and John Darley around the time of 1970 into what circumstances lead bystanders to help someone in need. They discovered that, the more people available to help, the less likely any individual person would help—a phenomenon they called the... ... middle of paper ... ...ct revisited." North American Journal of Psychology 8.1 (2006). “Kitty Genovese: Revising the Parable of the Bad Samaritan.” CSI, Milgram, Stanley, and Christian Gudehus. "Obedience to authority." (1978). Myers, David G., and C. Nathan DeWall. Exploring Psychology in Modules. Worth Publishers, 2016. O'Connell, Patrick M., and William Lee. “Bystander Inaction, like 7-Eleven Assault, More Likely with More Witnesses, Experts Say.”, 23 Apr. 2016, “We Are All Bystanders.” Greater Good, Staub, Ervin. "The psychology of Good and Evil: why children, adults, & groups help & harm others". (2003): P 1-20
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