Women and lower class citizens have also been affected by our drug policies. The war on drugs is rooted in racist ideology and as consequence has disproportionately affected lower class communities of color. This war on drugs will continue until the people decide to take action towards a better and more reasonable policy. The war on drugs has taken top priority for many police department due to policies introduced by the Reagan administration. As a consequence of this renewed fervor against drug use lower class citizens have faced the grunt of Reagan’s war.
The race industry will proclaim that it is because of discrimination against blacks. Before Senator Barack Obama was nominated President, he spoke on Martin Luther King Day and made the following statement: “blacks and whites are arrested at very different rates, are convicted at very different rates, [and] receive very different sentences ... for the same crime” (Mac Donald, 2008, p. 15). However, statistics show that this is simply not the case. When public speakers make claims like this without any information to back it up, it only hurts the case for an equal criminal justice system. On surface level, one may start to believe that it is plausible that the criminal justice system is racist because blacks and whites are incarcerated at very different rates.
Most articles call into question the injustice built into the American policing system and many directly address the laws and policies that caused discontent leading up to the race riots. These arguments are unique in the way they very carefully pull apart the words black, poor, and violence, distinguishing each as independent of the others. “The Riot 's Economic Impact on South-Central Los Angeles" talks about the poor blacks that were not involved in the rioting and violence but will have to pay for it in increased insurance as a result of stereotyping and bias. This evokes the role of the insurance industry in fair pricing and more broadly calls them for overt financial discrimination. Discussion of police practices and questions of their authority are unique to the Sentinel because of their dominantly black audience.
(Sanders, 1988) Many people would prefer to think that the prisons are occupied by criminals who are isolated from society. However, Prisons are far less isolated from American Society than they would like to think. The Aryan Brotherhood frequently demonstrates the ability to transcend the confines of prison by running a criminal syndicate both in and outside of prison. Evidence suggests that extremists utilize prisons as avenues for recruitment and many inmates become indoctrinated with racist beliefs whilst inside. Understanding the complexities of prison gang development is imperative in order to control and limit the power they have inside and outside of prison.
In her book “The New Jim Crow,” Michelle Alexander presents the evidence that mass incarceration, as brought forth by the drug war, is a mere continuation of the discriminatory nature of the Jim Crow Laws in the post civil war era and of slavery before that. Alexander’s argument hinges on the idea that this new way of discriminating against minorities is equally systematic to the Jim Crow Laws and Slavery. She then relates this argument with the decrease in limitations of the police force, the disproportionately high number of minorities prosecuted with these powers, and the skewed justice system. Alexander first addresses “the absence of significant restraints on the exercise of police discretion”(pg. 61) as a result of the introduction
Stalley is an artist that speaks about the struggles of people of color. Stalley speaks of mass incarceration and announces to his audience that the war on drugs and racism was not started alone. Racism is an issue that impacts people of color, it mainly focuses on black males, although many people of color, are also affected. Stalley speaks out on the struggles of what is called the ‘hood” and that people of color are tired of the injustices of the criminal justice system. Stalley (2013) has a song with provoking lyrics that expresses
Instead of being racist, America uses its criminal justice system to label people of color "criminals.” While some races use drugs at similar rates, there is still a disparity in jails: they are mostly filled with people of color. The New Jim Crow makes it possible that the African Americans labeled as criminals lose basic rights, and consequentially, the whites maintain superiority over the blacks. Outside of prison, free prisone... ... middle of paper ... ...under the weight of logical fallacies and lack of research. In conclusion, Michelle Alexander depicts the grim reality for many young African American men in the era of mass incarceration and exposes the truth of racial injustice in the system of mass incarceration. She reveals how race plays an important role in the American Justice System and mass incarceration.
She claims that politicians like Nixon and Reagan first used racially coded language to sway voters which would lead to the drug war (Alexander 47). Alexander argues that the War on Drugs ignited this trend despite many people disputing her claim (102), blaming it on the decade on rampant violent crime. Her most venomous argument focuses on the racial bias in the legal system at all levels; she claims that the discretion of law enforcement, prosecutors, and judges allow for the mass incarceration of African Americans. The mass incarceration paired with racial bias and discretion allow for a segregation that affects impoverished African Americans most drastically by locking them in ghettos or prisons (Alexander 122). The most profound effect of this system is the metaphorical segregation of African Americans.
Henry Louis Gates once said: “I want to be a figure for prison reform. I think that the criminal justice system is rotten.” Indeed in this day and age, comments like these are not generally uncommon, especially with race relations becoming a nationwide priority after recent cases like Ferguson. But how much truth is there really behind these sweeping generalizations? By investigating this question further through the lense of Just Mercy by Bryan Stevenson, it becomes apparent how unjust America’s justice system really is through the illumination of biased racial representation and the prosecution of juveniles in adult criminal court. Racial representation in death row proves that justice system consistently shows bias, primarily through crime victim treatment.
Those factors feel black Americans into the system disproportionately, even before a judge lays eyes on them.” In 2005 the Supreme Court gave more flexibility to judges when in sentencing the accusers, which then resulted to mass incarceration. On this prison reform was then clarify on 2007 stating judges had to calculate the sentencing according to their guidelines but they had the choice to follow or not. Whites and minorities would commit the same crime but in a mysterious way whites for the most part would get shorter sentences in prison or jail. The answer is simple the judges exercise their discretion to not follow guidelines and gave longer sentences to people of