Without fencing to keep cattle in, the bovines grazed freely competing for grass and water and destroying crops like wheat, oats, barley, and rye. The invention of barbed wire changed the way the west was constructed. Barbed wire limited the open range and started many fights over land, it also limited the freedom of ranches and cowboys. Barbed wire singular purpose was to keep in and to keep out it was first put to use on the Great Plains of American West in the late 19th century to restrict cattle and, implicitly, to secure territory by expansionist settlers and demarcate possessions. Barbed wire had a major impact on settlers and native americans living in the west.
The American farming industry poses several moral issues about animal rights which possess no easy solution, however new alternatives appear to have answers for this growing dilemma. America focuses heavily on its livestock and crops earning us a major role in global trade as a farming nation. Unfortunately this has led to some poor choices in treatment of our animals. Many farmers who believe in animal rights say that it started back when farmers only tended to fewer animals, “Ownership of farm animals became concentrated in fewer hands, and flocks and herds grew larger. As a result, the individuality of animals was lost to their owners and they began receding from most people's everyday life” (Namit 29).
Although, the farming was becoming increasingly popular in this period(neomatic people) however, this period also witnessed the domestication of wild animals. Since, early agriculture had changed the nomadic life and culture for forever, the domestication of wild animals started at the same time as the domestication of plants. People started domesticating the wild animals for many reason, as they abandon their neomatic lifestyle and begin farming. Goats and sheep were the few of many animals to be early domesticated for, meat, milk and skins. They also started selectively breeding animals for their desire of better milk production and meat.
However, a problem occurred when these herders began to take advantage of the provided area by bringing as many of their animals possible to graze on the commons. Eventually, the plants were killed from over-grazing and the entire village suffered as the once pasture land became barren and incompetent. The destruction of the commons led to private ownership of land. And because it became the people’s best interest to protect and cultivate their own parcel of land, they acted more responsibly. Hardin's parable has relevance today.
Over the decades, enclosures had been occurring in England and eventually became common in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Enclosing land would close off public lands in order to benefit wealthy landowners. The Enclosure Movement allowed these landowners to better support their animals and crops that covered their land. However, enclosures did not benefit everyone in England. In fact, the peasants in rural England suffered from the negative effects of enclosure during this controversial movement.
Consequently, many trees died and the landscape became more open than it had been before. However, the worms were not the only ones who were responsible for the drastic change in the American landscape. Additionally, the colonists themselves transformed the genuine landscape, shipping their domestic animals, which were fully unknown for the Native Americans, to the New World. Before the arrival of the colonists, the American environment consisted of large cleared tracts of land because the Indians used to burn the bush to keep the land open. When the colonists arrived with their cattle, they started to build fences to make the area more civilized, however, many animals succeeded in eating the Indian crops.
There was no definite property line in the early New England colony, causing animals roaming freely to become an issue between the two societies. The Indians were ultimately unprepared for the European’s livestock to wonder into their property without any boundaries. The animals would not only walk into their land but eat their resources and grass along the way. Destruction that the livestock caused to the Native American’s land led to a distinct boundary line between them and the Europeans, creating further tension rather than assimilation. Cattle were trapped into Indian hunting traps, causing both a problem to the Indians hunting rituals as well as the Europeans livestock supply.
If the land looked wild it needed tamed to their ideas, even if this made the ecosystem unstable or less productive. The results of their need for control and their lack of knowledge on ecosystems resulted in a reflux of new plants being imported. The most influential plants were the forage or grazing crops. These were brought because the Europeans wanted their own familiar crops to be in the grazing yards. These plants included white clover and "Kentucky" bluegrass.
Factory-farming is not only a topic that is usually overlooked and is filled with many excuses, but there is also a violation of the animals’ basic needs and nature in these factories, and that is why there are many animal rights groups out there to fight against this injustice. Agriculture has changed a lot throughout the decades as farms have become larger and new technologies and new systems have been introduced. Factory-farming was introduced to North America and Europe at the end of World War II. The emerging technologies of the time made it possible to feed the masses, industrializing agriculture (Rollin, 2005). However, the core values of agriculture were lost from this this transition from traditional agriculture to factory-farming.
Since the creation of fast food restaurants, there has been an increase in the consumption of meat which has caused a shift in the way food is produced, including the way animals are treated in factory farms. For many years factory farming has been part of life, which perhaps have led humans to be ignorant when it comes to factory farming because people so not want to admit that animals have feeling and emotions. Animals suffer their entire lives in both factory farms and slaughterhouses, animals are kept in small cages and pens with no access to the outside world. As a result, state and federal laws were created to protect animals from abuse, but they are rarely followed or enforced. Animal welfare was also established to enforce the well-being