USSR was hoping to get influence in the Middle East by doing so, and to improve its position in the 'cold war'. Egypt had control over the Suez Canal, which was used by British and French ships as a military base, it was also their way of getting into and out of the red sea. When the British decided to cancel loans promised for the Aswan Dam, Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal to make money from the tolls paid by ships. Nasser also closed the Gulf of Aqaba to Israel, which was their only access to the red sea. Nasser was helping the Arab rebels who were fighting the French in their colony of Algeria.
Nasser was seen as a nationalist who was determined to rid Egypt of foreign influence and make Egypt the Arab world's leading state. He had tried to buy arms from the West but eventually had to buy them from Czechoslovakia and western powers were concerned that Nasser was leading Egypt towards communism. His seizure of the Suez Canal was justified in his mind by the refusal of Britain and US to finance his ambitious project to build the Aswan Dam across the Nile. In Source A, Eden says Nasser is "not a man who can be trusted", and also "we all know this is how dictators behave and we all remember the cost of giving in to Hitler". This shows that Eden cannot help
Dreams of a canal stretching from the Pacific to Atlantic Ocean to increase trade and influence has long been envisioned by the United States. When opportunity to build a canal in Colombia controlled Panama arose, the United States sunk its teeth into it and never gave up its grip. A French company had a similar dream, but the dream was met with bankruptcy and to recover its loses, a deal was made with the United States to sell its assets. Colombia agreed to a treaty which would allow the States to build and maintain a canal, however, talk of independence among the Panamanian people caused alarm for the Colombian government. Fear of having a Unites States canal in Panama would undermine their sovereignty, Colombia rejected the treaty.
In desperate need of funds for the dam project, the Egyptian government had nationalize the Suez Canal Company, froze its assets in Egypt, and proposed to use canal tolls to pay for the dam (Hillmer, 1999, p. 226). In fear of the Egyptians cutting off the transportation of Arabian oil and Asian goods, the British, French, and Israel secretly planned an attack on Egypt. Meanwhile, the Israelis and the Arab states, including Egypt, were having an arms race. Israel was concerned with self-preservation while the Arabs, who had opposed Israel's creation, wanted to destroy it. The Americans opposed the British, French, and Israeli invasion of Egypt because it didn't want to offend the Arab states where US oil companies were drilling.
Originally, The United States in cooperation with Great Britain and the World Bank agreed to help finance the construction of the $1.3 billion dam. However, when the United States withdrew from financing the dam, a chain of events was set off which eventually led to the Suez Crisis. Document 30, The Suez Crisis, 1956, from The Cold War: A History through Documents, illustrates this lineage by using excerpts from four sub-documents. The first excerpt, "Withdrawal of U.S. Support for Aswan Dam Project", vaguely outlined the developments that the United States felt would hinder the construction of the dam. It diplomatically announced the United States' unwillingness to continue financing the Aswan Dam Project.
The newly formed Soviet Union thought that communism was a better political system because it transformed their economy and status in the world from nothing but a declining empire to a super power once again. The Cold War was a long series of events in which the communist tried to spread their ideas of government and socialist economy, known as expansionism, and the United States and some of the other Western powers such as Great Britain tried to contain it. Containment, a term introduced by George F. Kennan, was the foreign policy the United States practiced from 1946 to 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed. The United States saw the Soviet Union to be a direct threat to the free world. During president Truman and Eisenhower’s administration the policy of containment evolved so drastically that American presidents would put anything on the line, including world peace.
He unified the military. He wanted to do anything to improve the Egypt even if it is getting help from the foreigner countries. He wanted to learn more, and be independent. So, he brought foreigner trainers to educate his people, so after that he could have his own products. He changed the tax policies, and he brought new crops for cultivating, so he achieved monopoly system.
Saleh took the position as president so that once and for all there could be unity between the two states, north and south Yemen. In 1999 he was able to successfully achieve that unity by bringing together the two states to form the Republic of Yemen. He seemed very eager to embark his new journey as president, however, he ended up using this power to help him eliminate any type of opposition. He manipulated the government and his own people for his own purposes. The result of Saleh’s unethical methods resulted in thousands of unhappy citizens who peacefully protested for the resignation of Saleh.
The United States had developed the atomic bomb and dropped it on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Soviet Union wanted to gain information. If the Soviet Union have had had the access then they could have used the atomic bomb to enforce the spread of communism. Also the Soviet Union expanded into countries after the war that would soon be introduced to communism and United States did not want communism to spread any father than it already had. The Soviet Union wanted to expand their borders in order to gain more protection. The two countries had completely opposite ideas of how to run and manage a country, which in return created chaos and was the core cause of the Cold War.
In the absence of any organized and effective foreign opposition, and urged by domestic popular movements for a social justice based on economic growth, these military leaders had no alternative except to expand the state-centered, import-substitution industrialization policies inaugurated during the 1930s.The military arranged an immense government investment in industrialization and technical modernization, even though they were scared of the social changes and forces that such transformations might release. In effect, the military proposed to build Argentine industrial capitalism with a thoroughly intimidated and submissive working class. Juan Domingo Perón, saved the military from itself and took over the Department of Labor in October 1943. He immediately raised it to the status of the Ministry of Labor and Welfare and opened a new bureau, the Women's Division of Labor and Assistance. As he stated in his inaugural speech, Perón wanted officially ... ... middle of paper ... ... and drew up a new petroleum code, which again allowed United States investments in Bolivian oil.