These particular changes can leave a new mother feeling sad, anxious, afraid and confused. For many women, these feelings; which are known as baby blues, go away fairly quickly. But when they do not go away or rather they get worse, a woman may be experiencing the effects of postpartum depression (PPD). This is a serious condition that describes a range of physical and emotional changes and that requires prompt treatment from a health care provider. According to Mauthner, (1999) postpartum depression occurs when women are unable to experience, express and validate their feelings and needs within supportive, accepting and non-judgmental interpersonal relationships and cultural contexts.
The women are diverse but most of them live in poverty, without social support, and many do not want the child (Sable & Washington, 2007). The nursing role is best summarized as a moral ideal because of the level of acceptance needed by nurses. In terms of interventions, the women need to learn coping strategies to deal with stress but the most prominent need is social support. This paper will explore these three areas of nursing role, interventions, and care as they apply to the pregnant mother who is experiencing depression. It becomes clear in all the literature that the nurse requires the highest level of competence, skills, and knowledge in order to effectively manage these women’s complex and diverse needs and concerns.
Becoming a mother can be a very intimidating experience, everyone has fears and concerns. However, PPD is much worst than that, it=s an emotional, physical, and mental depression. It=s a severe form of AThe New Baby Blues. @ PPD occurs due to the unbalance of hormones during pregnancy trying to recover. The body endures so many changes during pregnancy it=s difficult for a female to just bounce back to her pre-motherhood self.
Neonatal nurses spend their career working with babies, those that are healthy and those that are not. Working with newborns is guaranteed to have its challenges, especially for those particular nurses who choose to work in the neonatal intensive care unit. The neonatal intensive care unit, or NICU, is where the infants suffering from potentially fatal diseases/disorders are held. NICU nurses struggle with life and death situations each and everyday, which is sure to be accompanied by specific emotions such as moral distress. In the words of researcher Kain (2006), “moral distress is defined as uncomfortable, painful emotions that arise when institutional constraints prevent the nurse from performing nursing tasks that are deemed necessary and appropriate” (p. 388).
Think of a life, and how magnificent it is to bring life into the world, but now think about life with complications, all because women are delaying pregnancies due to their own personal reasons, such as careers and money. According to the Journal of Clinical Nursing by Loke & Poon (2010)- both professionals in the medical field- state “[t]he growing proportion of first births to advanced age women is a public health concern,” and “…there are controversial views as whether advanced age pregnancy renders women more prone to pregnancy complications and adverse outcomes” (p. 1142). This statement provides credibility behind the fact that there are many risks developed during pregnancies in older women. Within the media today there are stories about pregnancies in the younger generation and the controversy in children raising children, but how detrimental is the case in which older women are bearing their first or maybe even their last child up into their pre-menopause stages and sometimes -but very rarely- into menopause stages. According to Bedwell (2006), who is a research midwife, “…[mothers], however healthy at the time of birth, are likely to subsequently face health problems by virtue of their age,” and this raises awareness to the fact that health risks should be examined and considered before conception in the older generation (p. 514).
Knowing the symptoms of postpartum depression is critical for a young mother's discovering that she may have the depress... ... middle of paper ... ...s like not being able to write or going outside. There are known factors that add to the risk of having long-term depression. They are having poor support from close ones, additional stress, and a first time pregnancy (Healthwise- What Increases Your Risks). These known factors contribute to Jane's depression especially with the attachment with the wallpaper. Jane's treatment leads her to insanity.
It is a criticism of a medical practice that was created solely for women, which is one reason for it being considered a feminist story. She was thought to be delicate and predisposed to emotional outbreaks. The story explains that the bed rest and the views that supplement such a practice, is what makes women hysterical. Gilman’s narration advocates the slow development into insanity and growing frustration that accompanies it. With each entry the woman writes, it was apparent as to how her mental pain she endured was taking over her mind and behavior as the days passed.
Abstract Despite the physical changes that a woman is to expect during her pregnancy, a major concern that requires attention is a period of expected feelings of depression that a woman may encounter known as baby blues. Although normal, and expected baby blues can lead into post partum depression that involves a myriad of emotions and mood swings. If not addressed postpartum depression can lead to a more severe form of baby blues known in the clinical world as postpartum non-psychotic depression that requires professional intervention. The therapeutic goal during this time is to prevent the new mother from committing suicide where she poses a danger to both herself and her newborn. Positive therapeutic methods of communication allows the new mom to be exposed to an environment that allows her to address negative feelings, and stressors so that postpartum non-psychotic depression does not have a chance to develop.
A portion of the stigma with having postpartum depression has disappeared, however it does still exist and many moms are afraid to say they are afflicted by this illness. The good news is that with a tremendous amount of media attention, comes awareness and awareness is the beginning process to diagnosing and treating new moms before this develops into something worse. Postpartum depression if left untreated can worsen expeditiously and affect everyone the depressed mom comes in contact with. Education is the key when it comes to know... ... middle of paper ... ...hs of pregnancy” (Babyzone, n.d.). These work by restoring the balance of chemicals in the brain.
There are many multi-system diseases that affect numerous lives every day. One of those, known as preeclampsia, affects women who are pregnant. Because this disease can lead to death if not treated, nurses play a pivotal role in assessing, managing, and educating women with this disease. Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder; however, the actual cause of the disease is unknown. Because this condition begins at conception, it is believed that the placenta plays an important role in causing preeclampsia.